Effect of salts, pH, type of acids and anion sulphate in the synthesis and separation of phenol through the hydroxylation of benzene by using a Fenton reaction in a biphasic membrane contactor has been investigated. The results indicated that sodium sulphate (1 M) increased phenol extraction in the organic phase (76.3%) but also increased reaction kinetics promoting over-oxidation products and a black solid (tar) formation. The acids delayed and in some tests avoided the tar appearance as precipitate but also gave a reduction of phenol selectivity. The sulphate absence, obtained by using iron(0), did not avoid the precipitate formation but only caused its decrease favouring a significant increase of the ratio productivity/amount of black solid from 4.6 to 62.4. Keywords: liquid phase benzene oxidation to phenol, catalytic membrane contactor, selective oxidation, tar formation from benzene, salts and phenol extraction (from aqueous to organic).
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|Titolo:||Selectivity control of benzene conversion to phenol using dissolved salts in a membrane contactor".|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|