The Messina Strait, situated along the southern sector of the Italian peninsula, provides a good setting to study the source-to-basin relationships and, thus, the complete transect from continental to deep-marine environments. This work concerns the chemical and mineralogical composition of the fine-grained sediments collected along the Messina Strait, since the distribution of major and trace elements related to the mineralogical assemblages allow us the reconstruction of sedimentary evolution and geological processes affecting the studied sediments and, thus, the relationships developed between source area and sedimentary basin. Studied sediments are very-fine sand, silt and clay mainly phyllosilicates and quartz-bearing. Specifically, sediments located on submerged Calabrian and Sicilian slopes generally show high quartz content, whereas samples of the Calabrian and Sicilian continental slopes generally show high phyllosilicates content. Calcite and feldspars (plagioclase and K-feldspar) occur in different amounts. Few samples contain Fe-oxides. The geochemical signatures of the sediments reflect a provenance from felsic lithotypes. The A-CN-K diagram shows a linear trend parallel to A-CN join reflecting, primarily, weathering from granitoid rocks. This trend may result from non-steady state weathering conditions where active tectonism and uplift, as shown by morpho-structural conditions of the Messina Strait and its complex tectonic network, enhance mechanical erosion of mineralogical zones differentiated along weathering profiles developed on source rocks. Weathering efficiency at source area suggests weak intensity, related to a temperate Mediterranean climate similar to that characterizing the present-day study area. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

Holocene sediments of the Messina Strait (southern Italy): relationships between source area and depositional basin

Perri F;Dominici R;Le Pera E;
2016

Abstract

The Messina Strait, situated along the southern sector of the Italian peninsula, provides a good setting to study the source-to-basin relationships and, thus, the complete transect from continental to deep-marine environments. This work concerns the chemical and mineralogical composition of the fine-grained sediments collected along the Messina Strait, since the distribution of major and trace elements related to the mineralogical assemblages allow us the reconstruction of sedimentary evolution and geological processes affecting the studied sediments and, thus, the relationships developed between source area and sedimentary basin. Studied sediments are very-fine sand, silt and clay mainly phyllosilicates and quartz-bearing. Specifically, sediments located on submerged Calabrian and Sicilian slopes generally show high quartz content, whereas samples of the Calabrian and Sicilian continental slopes generally show high phyllosilicates content. Calcite and feldspars (plagioclase and K-feldspar) occur in different amounts. Few samples contain Fe-oxides. The geochemical signatures of the sediments reflect a provenance from felsic lithotypes. The A-CN-K diagram shows a linear trend parallel to A-CN join reflecting, primarily, weathering from granitoid rocks. This trend may result from non-steady state weathering conditions where active tectonism and uplift, as shown by morpho-structural conditions of the Messina Strait and its complex tectonic network, enhance mechanical erosion of mineralogical zones differentiated along weathering profiles developed on source rocks. Weathering efficiency at source area suggests weak intensity, related to a temperate Mediterranean climate similar to that characterizing the present-day study area. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Geochemistry and mineralog; Messina strait; Source rocks weathering
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/156545
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact