The dynamics of the climate system has been investigated by analyzing the complex seasonal oscillation of monthly averaged temperatures recorded at 1167 stations covering the whole USA. We found the presence of an orbit- climate relationship on time scales remarkably shorter than the Milankovitch period related to the nutational forcing. The relationship manifests itself through occasional destabiliza- tion of the phase of the seasonal component due to the local changing of balance between direct insolation and the net en- ergy received by the Earth. Quite surprisingly, we found that the local intermittent dynamics is modulated by a periodic component of about 18.6 yr due to the nutation of the Earth, which represents the main modulation of the Earth’s preces- sion. The global effect in the last century results in a cumu- lative phase-shift of about 1.74 days towards earlier seasons, in agreement with the phase shift expected from the Earth’s precession. The climate dynamics of the seasonal cycle can be described through a nonlinear circle-map, indicating that the destabilization process can be associated to intermittent transitions from quasi-periodicity to chaos.

The complex dynamics of the seasonal component of USA’s surface temperature

CARBONE, Vincenzo
2010-01-01

Abstract

The dynamics of the climate system has been investigated by analyzing the complex seasonal oscillation of monthly averaged temperatures recorded at 1167 stations covering the whole USA. We found the presence of an orbit- climate relationship on time scales remarkably shorter than the Milankovitch period related to the nutational forcing. The relationship manifests itself through occasional destabiliza- tion of the phase of the seasonal component due to the local changing of balance between direct insolation and the net en- ergy received by the Earth. Quite surprisingly, we found that the local intermittent dynamics is modulated by a periodic component of about 18.6 yr due to the nutation of the Earth, which represents the main modulation of the Earth’s preces- sion. The global effect in the last century results in a cumu- lative phase-shift of about 1.74 days towards earlier seasons, in agreement with the phase shift expected from the Earth’s precession. The climate dynamics of the seasonal cycle can be described through a nonlinear circle-map, indicating that the destabilization process can be associated to intermittent transitions from quasi-periodicity to chaos.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/158550
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