Energetic particles with energies from tens of keV to a few hundred keV are frequently observed in the Earth’s magnetotail. Here we study, by means of a test particle numerical simulation, the acceleration of different ion species (H + ,He + ,He ++ , and O n+ with n =1–6) in the presence of transient electromagnetic perturbations. All the considered ions develop power law tails at high energies, except for O + ions. This is strongly correlated to the time that the particle spends in the current sheet. Ion acceleration is found to be proportional to the charge state, while it grows in a weaker way with the ion mass. We find that O 5+∕6+ can reach energies higher than 500 keV. These results may explain the strong oxygen acceleration observed in the magnetotail.

Charge Proportional and Weakly Mass-Dependent Acceleration of Different Ion Species in the Earth's Magnetotail

CATAPANO, FILOMENA
;
Zimbardo, G.;Perri, S.;Greco, A.;
2017

Abstract

Energetic particles with energies from tens of keV to a few hundred keV are frequently observed in the Earth’s magnetotail. Here we study, by means of a test particle numerical simulation, the acceleration of different ion species (H + ,He + ,He ++ , and O n+ with n =1–6) in the presence of transient electromagnetic perturbations. All the considered ions develop power law tails at high energies, except for O + ions. This is strongly correlated to the time that the particle spends in the current sheet. Ion acceleration is found to be proportional to the charge state, while it grows in a weaker way with the ion mass. We find that O 5+∕6+ can reach energies higher than 500 keV. These results may explain the strong oxygen acceleration observed in the magnetotail.
Test particle simulations
oxygen energization
magnetotail
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/265528
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