Synthetic or natural carbazole derivatives constitute an interesting class of heterocycles, which showed several pharmaceutical properties and occupied a promising place as antitumour tools in preclinical studies. They target several cellular key-points, e.g. DNA and Topoisomerases I and II. The most studied representative, i.e. Ellipticine, was introduced in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. However, because of the onset of dramatic side effects, its use was almost dismissed. Many efforts were made in order to design and synthesise new carbazole derivatives with good activity and reduced side effects. The major goal of the present study was to synthesise a series of new N-thioalkylcarbazole derivatives with anti-proliferative effects. Two compounds, 5a and 5c, possess an interesting anti-proliferative activity against breast and uterine cancer cell lines without affecting non-tumoural cell lines viability. The most active compound (5c) induces cancer cells death triggering the intrinsic apoptotic pathway by inhibition of Topoisomerase II.

N-thioalkylcarbazoles derivatives as new anti-proliferative agents: synthesis, characterisation and molecular mechanism evaluation

Maria Stefania Sinicropi;Domenico Iacopetta;Anna Caruso;Noemi Muià;Jessica Ceramella;Francesco Puoci;
2018

Abstract

Synthetic or natural carbazole derivatives constitute an interesting class of heterocycles, which showed several pharmaceutical properties and occupied a promising place as antitumour tools in preclinical studies. They target several cellular key-points, e.g. DNA and Topoisomerases I and II. The most studied representative, i.e. Ellipticine, was introduced in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. However, because of the onset of dramatic side effects, its use was almost dismissed. Many efforts were made in order to design and synthesise new carbazole derivatives with good activity and reduced side effects. The major goal of the present study was to synthesise a series of new N-thioalkylcarbazole derivatives with anti-proliferative effects. Two compounds, 5a and 5c, possess an interesting anti-proliferative activity against breast and uterine cancer cell lines without affecting non-tumoural cell lines viability. The most active compound (5c) induces cancer cells death triggering the intrinsic apoptotic pathway by inhibition of Topoisomerase II.
Carbazole derivatives; apoptosis; topoisomerase II; immunofluorescence; caspases
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/269286
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