Visible-light-active π-conjugated polymer photocatalysts can effectively harness solar energy, thereby offering pragmatic solutions to eclectic environmental issues. In the present study, a series of ingenious visible-light-responsive, stable, and recyclable modified polyimide (SWO3/PI) photocatalysts was synthesized via a facile microwave-assisted rapid thermal polymerization strategy. The precursors employed were pyromellitic dianhydride, melamine, thiourea, and tungsten trioxide co-catalyst. The template-free inclusion of sulfur and tungsten oxide species into the PI conformation increased visible-light absorption and enhanced the separation efficiency of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs. The visible-light-induced reactive red 120 (RR 120) photodegradation efficiency exhibited by the SWO3/PI photocatalyst was over 98% and was approximately 2.3 times higher than that exhibited by pristine PI. Herein h+and OH•were the principal active species involved in dye degradation. Interestingly, the sizable valence band edge downshift from 2.02 to 3.36 eV induced a remarkable enhancement in the photooxidation ability of the photoinduced holes, despite the fact that the relatively inappropriate position conduction band edge position (1.77 eV) did not favor the participation of photoinduced electrons in the reduction process. The liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry results revealed that photocatalytic degradation of RR 120 had been effectively accomplished.

Microwave-Assisted Modified Polyimide Synthesis: A Facile Route to the Enhancement of Visible-Light-Induced Photocatalytic Performance for Dye Degradation

Chakraborty, Sudip;Curcio, Stefano
2017-01-01

Abstract

Visible-light-active π-conjugated polymer photocatalysts can effectively harness solar energy, thereby offering pragmatic solutions to eclectic environmental issues. In the present study, a series of ingenious visible-light-responsive, stable, and recyclable modified polyimide (SWO3/PI) photocatalysts was synthesized via a facile microwave-assisted rapid thermal polymerization strategy. The precursors employed were pyromellitic dianhydride, melamine, thiourea, and tungsten trioxide co-catalyst. The template-free inclusion of sulfur and tungsten oxide species into the PI conformation increased visible-light absorption and enhanced the separation efficiency of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs. The visible-light-induced reactive red 120 (RR 120) photodegradation efficiency exhibited by the SWO3/PI photocatalyst was over 98% and was approximately 2.3 times higher than that exhibited by pristine PI. Herein h+and OH•were the principal active species involved in dye degradation. Interestingly, the sizable valence band edge downshift from 2.02 to 3.36 eV induced a remarkable enhancement in the photooxidation ability of the photoinduced holes, despite the fact that the relatively inappropriate position conduction band edge position (1.77 eV) did not favor the participation of photoinduced electrons in the reduction process. The liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry results revealed that photocatalytic degradation of RR 120 had been effectively accomplished.
2017
Microwave-assisted; Modified polyimide; Photocatalytic dye degradation; Visible-light-responsive; Chemistry (all); Environmental Chemistry; Chemical Engineering (all); Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/269827
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