The kinetics of the unimolecular dissociations of proton-bound dimers produced by fast-atom bombardment from nucleosides and reference amines enables the evaluation of the proton affinities (PA) of ribonucleosides. The PAs of cytosine, guanosine, adenosine, uridine and deoxyuridine have been thus determined. These values and those already available for the corresponding DNA homologues allow the evaluation of the effect of the hydroxyl group in position 2' of the sugar moiety, which lowers the PAs of RNA nucleosides by 0.6-1 kcal/mol, and of the methyl group in position 5 of the thymine ring which enhances the basicity of deoxythymidine over deoxyuridine by 0.6 kcal/mol.

The kinetics of the unimolecular dissociations of proton‐bound dimers produced by fast‐atom bombardment from nucleosides and reference amines enables the evaluation of the proton affinities (PA) of ribonucleosides. The PAs of cytosine, guanosine, adenosine, uridine and deoxyuridine have been thus determined. These values and those already available for the corresponding DNA homologues allow the evaluation of the effect of the hydroxyl group in position 2′ of the sugar moiety, which lowers the PAs of RNA nucleosides by 0.6–1 kcal/mol, and of the methyl group in position 5 of the thymine ring which enhances the basicity of deoxythymidine over deoxyuridine by 0.6 kcal/mol. Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Determination of substituent effects on the proton affinities of natural nucleosides by the kinetic method

Liguori, Angelo;Napoli, Anna;Sindona, Giovanni;
1994

Abstract

The kinetics of the unimolecular dissociations of proton-bound dimers produced by fast-atom bombardment from nucleosides and reference amines enables the evaluation of the proton affinities (PA) of ribonucleosides. The PAs of cytosine, guanosine, adenosine, uridine and deoxyuridine have been thus determined. These values and those already available for the corresponding DNA homologues allow the evaluation of the effect of the hydroxyl group in position 2' of the sugar moiety, which lowers the PAs of RNA nucleosides by 0.6-1 kcal/mol, and of the methyl group in position 5 of the thymine ring which enhances the basicity of deoxythymidine over deoxyuridine by 0.6 kcal/mol.
The kinetics of the unimolecular dissociations of proton‐bound dimers produced by fast‐atom bombardment from nucleosides and reference amines enables the evaluation of the proton affinities (PA) of ribonucleosides. The PAs of cytosine, guanosine, adenosine, uridine and deoxyuridine have been thus determined. These values and those already available for the corresponding DNA homologues allow the evaluation of the effect of the hydroxyl group in position 2′ of the sugar moiety, which lowers the PAs of RNA nucleosides by 0.6–1 kcal/mol, and of the methyl group in position 5 of the thymine ring which enhances the basicity of deoxythymidine over deoxyuridine by 0.6 kcal/mol. Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Analytical Chemistry; Spectroscopy; Organic Chemistry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/274912
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