The elucidation of the mechanism by which the reduction of coordinatively saturated PtIVprodrugs occurs, leading to the release of the two axial ligands, is of foremost importance, being the key step for the activation of these anticancer compounds, and addressing their synthetic strategies. A systematic DFT computational analysis of the reduction process by small biomolecules, which is supposed to occur by inner- or outer-sphere electron-transfer mechanisms, has been undertaken using the recently synthesised Asplatin PtIVcomplex, c,c,t-[PtCl2(NH3)2(OH)(aspirin)], as model system and l-ascorbic acid as reducing agent. Further calculations have been carried out on Asplatin analogues that should be obtained replacing the OH−ligand with Cl−and Br−. The most accredited inner-sphere mechanistic suggestions have been explored and a recently proposed computational methodology has been applied to estimate the corresponding standard redox potentials, which cannot be directly obtained from voltammetric experiments due to the irreversibility of the platinum(IV)-to-platinum(II) reduction process.

Insights from Computations on the Mechanism of Reduction by Ascorbic Acid of PtIVProdrugs with Asplatin and Its Chlorido and Bromido Analogues as Model Systems

Ponte, Fortuna;Russo, Nino;Sicilia, Emilia
2018

Abstract

The elucidation of the mechanism by which the reduction of coordinatively saturated PtIVprodrugs occurs, leading to the release of the two axial ligands, is of foremost importance, being the key step for the activation of these anticancer compounds, and addressing their synthetic strategies. A systematic DFT computational analysis of the reduction process by small biomolecules, which is supposed to occur by inner- or outer-sphere electron-transfer mechanisms, has been undertaken using the recently synthesised Asplatin PtIVcomplex, c,c,t-[PtCl2(NH3)2(OH)(aspirin)], as model system and l-ascorbic acid as reducing agent. Further calculations have been carried out on Asplatin analogues that should be obtained replacing the OH−ligand with Cl−and Br−. The most accredited inner-sphere mechanistic suggestions have been explored and a recently proposed computational methodology has been applied to estimate the corresponding standard redox potentials, which cannot be directly obtained from voltammetric experiments due to the irreversibility of the platinum(IV)-to-platinum(II) reduction process.
density functional calculations; drug delivery; drug development; prodrugs; redox chemistry; Chemistry (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/285229
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