Coelomic fluid (CF) is the earliest dynamic and complex fluid of the gestational sac. CF contains maternal cells and proteins produced by embryonic cells, tissues and excretions. The biochemical composition of CF is modified throughout the first trimester of pregnancy and its protein profile reflects both physiological/pathological changes affecting the embryo and mother. Identification of variations in the balance of proteins might indicate particular types of pathologies, or ascertain specific genetic disorders. A platform utilizing protein enrichment procedures coupled with shotgun identification and iTRAQ differentiation provided the identification and quantitation of 88 unique embryonic proteins. It is relevant to note that chromosome X protein CXorf23 was found suggesting the embryo sex. Foetal sex was determined by Quantitative Fluorescent Polymerase Chain Reaction (QF-PCR) on coelomic cells, foetal tissues and maternal white blood cells, with a 100% concordance rate between iTRAQ-MS/MS and QF-PCR data. The functional associations among the identified proteins were investigated using STRING database. Open Targets Platform showed as significant the following therapeutic areas: nervous, respiratory, eye and head system disease.

Human coelomic fluid investigation: A MS-based analytical approach to prenatal screening

Aiello D.;Siciliano C.;Napoli A.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Coelomic fluid (CF) is the earliest dynamic and complex fluid of the gestational sac. CF contains maternal cells and proteins produced by embryonic cells, tissues and excretions. The biochemical composition of CF is modified throughout the first trimester of pregnancy and its protein profile reflects both physiological/pathological changes affecting the embryo and mother. Identification of variations in the balance of proteins might indicate particular types of pathologies, or ascertain specific genetic disorders. A platform utilizing protein enrichment procedures coupled with shotgun identification and iTRAQ differentiation provided the identification and quantitation of 88 unique embryonic proteins. It is relevant to note that chromosome X protein CXorf23 was found suggesting the embryo sex. Foetal sex was determined by Quantitative Fluorescent Polymerase Chain Reaction (QF-PCR) on coelomic cells, foetal tissues and maternal white blood cells, with a 100% concordance rate between iTRAQ-MS/MS and QF-PCR data. The functional associations among the identified proteins were investigated using STRING database. Open Targets Platform showed as significant the following therapeutic areas: nervous, respiratory, eye and head system disease.
Multidisciplinary
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/287427
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact