The present work concerns the characterization of trimetallic nickel catalysts, NiMoRe (Nickel/Molybdenum/Rhenium), NiMoCu (Nickel/Molybdenum/Copper) and NiMoCo (Nickel/Molybdenum/Cobalt), supported on gadolinia-doped ceria and the evaluation of their catalytic performance in the auto-thermal reforming of ethanol to hydrogen. Catalysts have been prepared by wet impregnation and characterized by XRD, SEM-EDX, TG-DSC, TEM, CHNS, H2-TPR and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The resistance of Ni-alloy catalysts to the carbon deposition and sulfur poisoning has been studied. All catalysts show a similar behavior in the auto-thermal reforming reaction: 100% of ethanol conversion and high selectivity to syngas products, up to 77 vol.%. At 800 °C the coke deposition is very low (less than 0.34 wt%). Sulfur content affects the selectivity and the activity of the catalysts, especially towards the coke formation: high sulfur content promotes the ethylene formation, therefore the amount of coke deposited on spent catalyst increases. NiMoCu seems to be the trimetallic catalyst less sensitive to this aspect.

Trimetallic ni-based catalysts over gadolinia-doped ceria for green fuel production

Patrizia Frontera
;
Anastasia Macario;Fortunato Crea;Pierluigi Antonucci
2018

Abstract

The present work concerns the characterization of trimetallic nickel catalysts, NiMoRe (Nickel/Molybdenum/Rhenium), NiMoCu (Nickel/Molybdenum/Copper) and NiMoCo (Nickel/Molybdenum/Cobalt), supported on gadolinia-doped ceria and the evaluation of their catalytic performance in the auto-thermal reforming of ethanol to hydrogen. Catalysts have been prepared by wet impregnation and characterized by XRD, SEM-EDX, TG-DSC, TEM, CHNS, H2-TPR and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The resistance of Ni-alloy catalysts to the carbon deposition and sulfur poisoning has been studied. All catalysts show a similar behavior in the auto-thermal reforming reaction: 100% of ethanol conversion and high selectivity to syngas products, up to 77 vol.%. At 800 °C the coke deposition is very low (less than 0.34 wt%). Sulfur content affects the selectivity and the activity of the catalysts, especially towards the coke formation: high sulfur content promotes the ethylene formation, therefore the amount of coke deposited on spent catalyst increases. NiMoCu seems to be the trimetallic catalyst less sensitive to this aspect.
Auto-thermal reforming, Tri-metallic catalyst, Ethanol
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/287963
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