Magnetic nanoparticles-aided microwave imaging is an emerging modality for the diagnosis of early stage tumors. It exploits the possibility of modulating the response at microwaves of magnetic nanoparticles, employed as contrast agent selectively accumulated into the tumor. In this paper, we describe the results of an experimental study aimed at establishing the actual detection limits of the approach, namely the minimum amount of magnetic nanoparticles to be delivered for a reliable imaging. The assessment is carried out on breast phantoms made of ex-vivo minced pig tissues and using commercially available magnetic nanoparticles. The results show that it is possible to detect amounts of magnetic nanoparticles between 2 and 7 mg, dispersed in a volume of about one cubic centimeter, depending on the breast type. While such quantities are already consistent with those currently reachable via active selective targeting, an in-depth analysis of the results allows to identify strategies to further lower the detection limits up to four times, by refining the measurement set-up and setting the amplitude of the polarizing magnetic field modulating the nanoparticle response to a suitable value.

Assessing detection limits in magnetic nanoparticle enhanced microwave imaging

Costanzo, Sandra;Di Massa, Giuseppe
;
2018

Abstract

Magnetic nanoparticles-aided microwave imaging is an emerging modality for the diagnosis of early stage tumors. It exploits the possibility of modulating the response at microwaves of magnetic nanoparticles, employed as contrast agent selectively accumulated into the tumor. In this paper, we describe the results of an experimental study aimed at establishing the actual detection limits of the approach, namely the minimum amount of magnetic nanoparticles to be delivered for a reliable imaging. The assessment is carried out on breast phantoms made of ex-vivo minced pig tissues and using commercially available magnetic nanoparticles. The results show that it is possible to detect amounts of magnetic nanoparticles between 2 and 7 mg, dispersed in a volume of about one cubic centimeter, depending on the breast type. While such quantities are already consistent with those currently reachable via active selective targeting, an in-depth analysis of the results allows to identify strategies to further lower the detection limits up to four times, by refining the measurement set-up and setting the amplitude of the polarizing magnetic field modulating the nanoparticle response to a suitable value.
cancer detection; contrast enhanced microwave imaging; magnetic nanoparticles; medical diagnostic imaging; Microwave imaging; nanoparticles; Computer Science (all); Materials Science (all); Engineering (all)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/288141
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact