A new kind of a liquid crystal cell has been made by using a standard sandwich con®guration with one of the ITO electrodes, covered by a thin layer of tungsten trioxide deposited by r.f. sputtering in a reactive atmosphere of Ar and O2 gas. In this kind of cell the optical polarisation switching of the cell (observed under a crossed polarizer microscope) occurs only for one of the two directions of the a.c. applied ®eld, while in the usual liquid crystal cells the electro-optic response does not depend on the sign of ®eld. The inhibiting switching con®guration corresponds to the anodic polarisation of tungsten trioxide ®lm in which the de-intercalation of cations occurs. Preliminary impedance measurements reveal an ionic diusion process in such devices (Warburg impedance behavior). These preliminary results suggest speculations about a reverse internal electric ®eld, which is responsible for the increased threshold of optical switching in one direction only of the applied ®eld. # 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Insertion of thin ®lms of WO3 in liquid crystal cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|