Green roofs have recently been regarded as useful tools to mitigate the Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon, being capable of substantially reducing the roof surface temperature. In this context the paper aims to present an extensive analysis of the surface temperature of an experimental green roof located in southern Italy. The surface thermal performance of both green and traditional roof was analysed in a very concise manner through proper defined indexes. The results of the analysis showed how the traditional roof in June reached a peak of 74.3 °C with a daily excursion of 51.5 °C whereas green roofs were able to produce a surface temperature from 0.57 to 0.63 times lower. The results also showed that in winter the vegetated roof could significantly reduce the daily temperature excursion compared to the reference membrane, indicating a reduction of the heat losses of the indoor spaces toward the external environment. Finally, a statistical comparison in terms of probability density distributions revealed that the dynamic thermal behaviour of the three different green layerings in both seasons was remarkably similar, proving the ability of vegetated roofs to maintain limited temperature variation in the whole year, thus containing heat losses in winter and overheating in summer.

Surface temperature analysis of an extensive green roof for the mitigation of urban heat island in southern mediterranean climate

Bevilacqua, Piero;Bruno, Roberto;Arcuri, Natale
2017

Abstract

Green roofs have recently been regarded as useful tools to mitigate the Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon, being capable of substantially reducing the roof surface temperature. In this context the paper aims to present an extensive analysis of the surface temperature of an experimental green roof located in southern Italy. The surface thermal performance of both green and traditional roof was analysed in a very concise manner through proper defined indexes. The results of the analysis showed how the traditional roof in June reached a peak of 74.3 °C with a daily excursion of 51.5 °C whereas green roofs were able to produce a surface temperature from 0.57 to 0.63 times lower. The results also showed that in winter the vegetated roof could significantly reduce the daily temperature excursion compared to the reference membrane, indicating a reduction of the heat losses of the indoor spaces toward the external environment. Finally, a statistical comparison in terms of probability density distributions revealed that the dynamic thermal behaviour of the three different green layerings in both seasons was remarkably similar, proving the ability of vegetated roofs to maintain limited temperature variation in the whole year, thus containing heat losses in winter and overheating in summer.
Experimental analysis; Green roof; Surface temperature; Temperature indexes; Urban heat island; Civil and Structural Engineering; Building and Construction; Mechanical Engineering; Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/289099
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