The thermal and light stability of linseed oil has been studied by monitoring the concentrations of fatty acids and lignans, as main nutraceutical components. Linseed oil was subjected to stressing light and temperature conditions, in accordance with the ICH international rules, and monitored by UV–vis spectroscopy and HPLC–DAD. The change of UV spectra along the photodegradation tests, setting the irradiation power at 350 W/m 2 , confirmed a significant overall sensitivity of linseed oil to light. At the same time, the HPLC determination of the major fatty acids showed a marked variation in their concentration up to a residual concentration of 62.3 and 67.2% for α-linolenic and linoleic acid, respectively, after 18 h. In contrast, thermal tests at 60 °C showed some stability, with a concentration of residual fatty acids in the range 82–95% after 48 h. The examined lignans showed significant stability when exposed to both light and heat. Several photoprotection approaches have been also studied to increase the photostability of linseed oil. A significant increase in the stability of fatty acids has been observed using amber glass containers or ascorbic acid or by combining the two protection factors.

Photo and thermal stress of linseed oil and stabilization strategies

Spatari, Claudia
;
Ioele, Giuseppina;Ragno, Gaetano;Grande, Fedora;De Luca, Michele
2019

Abstract

The thermal and light stability of linseed oil has been studied by monitoring the concentrations of fatty acids and lignans, as main nutraceutical components. Linseed oil was subjected to stressing light and temperature conditions, in accordance with the ICH international rules, and monitored by UV–vis spectroscopy and HPLC–DAD. The change of UV spectra along the photodegradation tests, setting the irradiation power at 350 W/m 2 , confirmed a significant overall sensitivity of linseed oil to light. At the same time, the HPLC determination of the major fatty acids showed a marked variation in their concentration up to a residual concentration of 62.3 and 67.2% for α-linolenic and linoleic acid, respectively, after 18 h. In contrast, thermal tests at 60 °C showed some stability, with a concentration of residual fatty acids in the range 82–95% after 48 h. The examined lignans showed significant stability when exposed to both light and heat. Several photoprotection approaches have been also studied to increase the photostability of linseed oil. A significant increase in the stability of fatty acids has been observed using amber glass containers or ascorbic acid or by combining the two protection factors.
Fatty acids; Lignans; Linseed oil; Photo-thermal degradation; Photoprotection; Food Science
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/290741
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact