The mesothelial cells (MCs) play an important role in the morpho-functional alterations of the peritoneal membrane (PM) undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). MCs, through the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process (EMT), progressively acquire a myofibroblast-like phenotype, promoting peritoneal fibrosis (PF) and failure of peritoneal membrane function. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1), through canonical and non-canonical pathways, promotes the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process leading to PF. To investigate the therapeutic potential of an olive leaf extract (OLE) on preserving peritoneal membrane function, we evaluated the effect of OLE on the TGFβ1-induced EMT in mesothelial cells, Met5A, and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanisms. As assessed by changes in the expression of epithelial, mesenchymal, and fibrotic cell markers (such as E-cadherin, N-cadherin, α-SMA, fibronectin, vimentin), levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP2 and MMP9), and cell migration, OLE inhibited the TGFβ1-induced EMT. Importantly, the beneficial effect of OLE was mediated by reduction of the TGFβ1-induced activation of Smad2/3 signaling and the mitigation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. Smad/non-Smad signaling pathways, activated by TGFβ1, both reduce expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin which has a crucial role in EMT initiation. Interestingly, we observed that in presence of OLE activity of the E-cadherin, promoter was increased and concomitantly OLE reduced the nuclear content of its co-repressor SNAIL. Our results suggest the potential therapeutic of OLE to counteract fibrotic process in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Olive leaf extract counteracts epithelial to mesenchymal transition process induced by peritoneal dialysis, through the inhibition of TGFβ1 signaling

Lupinacci, S.;Perri, Anna
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Vizza, D.;Puoci, F.;Parisi, O. I.;Giordano, F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lofaro, D.;
2019

Abstract

The mesothelial cells (MCs) play an important role in the morpho-functional alterations of the peritoneal membrane (PM) undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). MCs, through the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process (EMT), progressively acquire a myofibroblast-like phenotype, promoting peritoneal fibrosis (PF) and failure of peritoneal membrane function. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1), through canonical and non-canonical pathways, promotes the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process leading to PF. To investigate the therapeutic potential of an olive leaf extract (OLE) on preserving peritoneal membrane function, we evaluated the effect of OLE on the TGFβ1-induced EMT in mesothelial cells, Met5A, and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanisms. As assessed by changes in the expression of epithelial, mesenchymal, and fibrotic cell markers (such as E-cadherin, N-cadherin, α-SMA, fibronectin, vimentin), levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP2 and MMP9), and cell migration, OLE inhibited the TGFβ1-induced EMT. Importantly, the beneficial effect of OLE was mediated by reduction of the TGFβ1-induced activation of Smad2/3 signaling and the mitigation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. Smad/non-Smad signaling pathways, activated by TGFβ1, both reduce expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin which has a crucial role in EMT initiation. Interestingly, we observed that in presence of OLE activity of the E-cadherin, promoter was increased and concomitantly OLE reduced the nuclear content of its co-repressor SNAIL. Our results suggest the potential therapeutic of OLE to counteract fibrotic process in peritoneal dialysis patients.
E-cadherin promoter; EMT; Olive leaves; Peritoneal dialysis; Polyphenols; Toxicology; Cell Biology; Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/290882
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