Despite the effectiveness of carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRPs) and steel braces equipped with hysteretic dissipative devices (HYDBs) to improve the seismic performance of r.c. framed structures, the only use of CFRPs may be unsatisfactory for the retrofitting of buildings designed for gravity loads only while HDYBs may be unsuitable without a preliminary upgrading. The use of CFRP and HYDB as a combined technique for the seismic retrofitting of reinforced concrete (r.c.) buildings is investigated herein. To this end, two-, four- and eight-storey r.c. framed structures are designed with reference to the structural codes for r.c. buildings in force in Italy before and after 1971. A computer code for the nonlinear static and dynamic analysis of r.c. framed structures is modified to include CFRPs and HYDBs. Firstly, the nonlinear static analysis of the original test structures is carried with the aim of improving preliminarily strength and displacement capacities by applying CFRPs laminates, at the top and bottom sides of r.c. frame members, and CFRPs wraps, at the critical end zones of columns, respectively. Then, a displacement-based design procedure of HYDBs is adopted to complete the seismic retrofitting, starting from capacity curves of the upgraded test structures. To check the reliability of the combined CFRP–HYDB technique, nonlinear dynamic analysis of the original and retrofitted structures is performed considering two sets of seven near- and far-fault ground motions scaled to the seismic design level. Results highlight that the insertion of the HYDBs is effective in reducing the seismic demand of previously upgraded CFRP structures, with Post71 types generally performing better than Ante71 ones.
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|Titolo:||Seismic retrofitting of gravity-loads designed r.c. framed buildings combining CFRP and hysteretic damped braces|
MAZZA, Fabio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|