Composite gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) based on organo-modified montmorillonite clays have been prepared and investigated. The organo-clay was prepared by intercalation of CTAB molecules in the interlamellar space of sodium smectite clay (SWy) through a cation-exchange reaction. This was used as nanoadditive in polyacrylonitrile/polyethylene-oxide blend polymer, lithium trifluoromethanesulphonate (LiTr) as salt and a mixture of ethylene carbonate/propylene carbonate as plasticizer. GPEs were widely characterized by DSC, SEM, and DMA, while the ion transport properties were investigated by AC impedance spectroscopy and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. In particular,7Li and19F self-diffusion coefficients were measured by the pulse field gradient (PFG) method, and the spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) by the inversion recovery sequence. A complete description of the ions dynamics in so complex systems was achieved, as well as the ion transport number and ionicity index were estimated, proving that the smectite clay surfaces are able to “solvatate” both lithium and triflate ions and to create a preferential pathway for ion conduction.

Composite gel polymer electrolytes based on organo-modified nanoclays: Investigation on lithium-ion transport and mechanical properties

Simari, Cataldo
;
LUFRANO, ERNESTINO;Coppola, Luigi;Nicotera, Isabella
2018

Abstract

Composite gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) based on organo-modified montmorillonite clays have been prepared and investigated. The organo-clay was prepared by intercalation of CTAB molecules in the interlamellar space of sodium smectite clay (SWy) through a cation-exchange reaction. This was used as nanoadditive in polyacrylonitrile/polyethylene-oxide blend polymer, lithium trifluoromethanesulphonate (LiTr) as salt and a mixture of ethylene carbonate/propylene carbonate as plasticizer. GPEs were widely characterized by DSC, SEM, and DMA, while the ion transport properties were investigated by AC impedance spectroscopy and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. In particular,7Li and19F self-diffusion coefficients were measured by the pulse field gradient (PFG) method, and the spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) by the inversion recovery sequence. A complete description of the ions dynamics in so complex systems was achieved, as well as the ion transport number and ionicity index were estimated, proving that the smectite clay surfaces are able to “solvatate” both lithium and triflate ions and to create a preferential pathway for ion conduction.
Blend polymers; Composites; Gel polymer electrolytes; Lithium batteries; Montmorillonite clays; PFG-NMR; Self-diffusion coefficient; Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous); Process Chemistry and Technology; Filtration and Separation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/291173
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