This paper investigates the impact of sequential short-term and long-term aging of blown bitumen of the grade BND 70/100 on its mechanical characteristics in the temperature interval from 76°C to -36 °C. Group chemical composition of the bitumen has been determined by the method of liquid adsorption chromatography by the chromatograph "Gradient M". Short-term aging has been performed in the vertical rolling thin film oven (RTFOT) under the standard of AASHTO T 240-08, and the long-term aging - in the pressure aging vessel (PAV) under the standard of ASTM D 6521-08. Mechanical characteristics of the bitumen are complex shear modulus G∗ and phase angle δ at the mean and high temperatures (from 4 °C to 76 °C) have been measured by dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) under the standard of AASHTO T 315-08. Bitumen stiffness S at low temperatures (from -24 °C to -36 °C) has been measured by bending beam rheometer (BBR) under the standard of AASHTO T 313-08. It has been determined that during short-term aging the content of oils in the bitumen has been decreased for 1.5 %, and the content of asphaltenes has been increased for 2 %. After the long-term aging, performed after the short-term aging, the content of oils in the bitumen has been decreased for 7 %, and the content of asphaltenes has been increased for 6.3 %. The content of resins in the bitumen remains practically constant at both types of aging. At the mean and high temperatures the short-term and long-term aging increase the complex shear modulus up to 2 and 7 200 times respectively and decrease the phase angle at average for 4-6° and 8-10° respectively. At low temperatures the short-term aging and long-term aging increase the bitumen stiffness in 1.5 and 2.5 times respectively.

Composition and rheological characteristics of bitumen in short-term and long-term aging

Oliviero Rossi, C.;
2018

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of sequential short-term and long-term aging of blown bitumen of the grade BND 70/100 on its mechanical characteristics in the temperature interval from 76°C to -36 °C. Group chemical composition of the bitumen has been determined by the method of liquid adsorption chromatography by the chromatograph "Gradient M". Short-term aging has been performed in the vertical rolling thin film oven (RTFOT) under the standard of AASHTO T 240-08, and the long-term aging - in the pressure aging vessel (PAV) under the standard of ASTM D 6521-08. Mechanical characteristics of the bitumen are complex shear modulus G∗ and phase angle δ at the mean and high temperatures (from 4 °C to 76 °C) have been measured by dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) under the standard of AASHTO T 315-08. Bitumen stiffness S at low temperatures (from -24 °C to -36 °C) has been measured by bending beam rheometer (BBR) under the standard of AASHTO T 313-08. It has been determined that during short-term aging the content of oils in the bitumen has been decreased for 1.5 %, and the content of asphaltenes has been increased for 2 %. After the long-term aging, performed after the short-term aging, the content of oils in the bitumen has been decreased for 7 %, and the content of asphaltenes has been increased for 6.3 %. The content of resins in the bitumen remains practically constant at both types of aging. At the mean and high temperatures the short-term and long-term aging increase the complex shear modulus up to 2 and 7 200 times respectively and decrease the phase angle at average for 4-6° and 8-10° respectively. At low temperatures the short-term aging and long-term aging increase the bitumen stiffness in 1.5 and 2.5 times respectively.
Bending beam rheometer; Blown bitumen; Complex shear modulus; Dynamic shear rheometer; Long-term aging; Phase angle; Short-term aging; Stiffness; Civil and Structural Engineering; Building and Construction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/291216
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