This work validates a sustainable way to produce customized PVDF membranes, suitable for contactors applications, in which DMSO is employed as nonhazardous solvent, in place of substances of very high concern (SVHC), by a combination of vapor-induced and liquid-induced phase separation (VIPS and LIPS) stages, and without using any chemical additive as pore forming. The experimental results highlight the key role of the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the phase separation processes involved in the control of the surface and transport properties of the PVDF membranes. Namely, combining VIPS and LIPS techniques in a controlled way, allowed to produce symmetric porous membranes with customized rough surface topography (root-mean-square roughness up to 0.67 μm) and hydrophobicity (water contact angle up to 140°) according to a biomimetic behavior as that of lotus leaves surfaces, through an environmental friendly fabrication process. The resulting membranes are characterized by a high porosity (total porosity ≥70%, mean pore size 0.08-0.4 μm), with well interconnected pores, despite no pore former additives were included in the dope solution, making them ideal candidates for application in membrane contactors. The quality of the produced membrane (permeate flux up to 12.1 kgh1-m-2 with salt rejection 99.8%) is assessed by MD tests and results showed comparable performance to commercial PVDF membranes having similar mean pore size, porosity and surface roughness, but produced using SVCH solvents.

Tailoring PVDF Membranes Surface Topography and Hydrophobicity by a Sustainable Two-Steps Phase Separation Process

Mastropietro, Teresa F.;Poerio, Teresa;Fontananova, Enrica;De Filpo, Giovanni;Curcio, Efrem;Di Profio, Gianluca
2018

Abstract

This work validates a sustainable way to produce customized PVDF membranes, suitable for contactors applications, in which DMSO is employed as nonhazardous solvent, in place of substances of very high concern (SVHC), by a combination of vapor-induced and liquid-induced phase separation (VIPS and LIPS) stages, and without using any chemical additive as pore forming. The experimental results highlight the key role of the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the phase separation processes involved in the control of the surface and transport properties of the PVDF membranes. Namely, combining VIPS and LIPS techniques in a controlled way, allowed to produce symmetric porous membranes with customized rough surface topography (root-mean-square roughness up to 0.67 μm) and hydrophobicity (water contact angle up to 140°) according to a biomimetic behavior as that of lotus leaves surfaces, through an environmental friendly fabrication process. The resulting membranes are characterized by a high porosity (total porosity ≥70%, mean pore size 0.08-0.4 μm), with well interconnected pores, despite no pore former additives were included in the dope solution, making them ideal candidates for application in membrane contactors. The quality of the produced membrane (permeate flux up to 12.1 kgh1-m-2 with salt rejection 99.8%) is assessed by MD tests and results showed comparable performance to commercial PVDF membranes having similar mean pore size, porosity and surface roughness, but produced using SVCH solvents.
DMSO; green solvents; liquid induced phase separation; PVDF membranes preparation; vapor induced phase separation; Chemistry (all); Environmental Chemistry; Chemical Engineering (all); Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/291367
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