The problem of studying anomalous superdiffusive transport by means of fractional transport equations is considered. We concentrate on the case when an advection flow is present (since this corresponds to many actual plasma configurations), as well as on the case when a boundary is also present. We propose that the presence of a boundary can be taken into account by adopting the Caputo fractional derivatives for the side of the boundary (here, the left side), while the Riemann-Liouville derivative is used for the unbounded side (here, the right side). These derivatives are used to write the fractional diffusion–advection equation. We look for solutions in the steady-state case, as such solutions are of practical interest for comparison with observations both in laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. It is shown that the solutions in the completely asymmetric cases have the form of Mittag-Leffler functions in the case of the left fractional contribution, and the form of an exponential decay in the case of the right fractional contribution. Possible applications to space plasmas are discussed.

On the Fractional Diffusion-Advection Equation for Fluids and Plasmas

G. Zimbardo
;
S. Perri
2019

Abstract

The problem of studying anomalous superdiffusive transport by means of fractional transport equations is considered. We concentrate on the case when an advection flow is present (since this corresponds to many actual plasma configurations), as well as on the case when a boundary is also present. We propose that the presence of a boundary can be taken into account by adopting the Caputo fractional derivatives for the side of the boundary (here, the left side), while the Riemann-Liouville derivative is used for the unbounded side (here, the right side). These derivatives are used to write the fractional diffusion–advection equation. We look for solutions in the steady-state case, as such solutions are of practical interest for comparison with observations both in laboratory and astrophysical plasmas. It is shown that the solutions in the completely asymmetric cases have the form of Mittag-Leffler functions in the case of the left fractional contribution, and the form of an exponential decay in the case of the right fractional contribution. Possible applications to space plasmas are discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/291453
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