Reverse mode operation shutters have been achieved with polymer dispersed liquid crystals by means of polymerization-induced phase separation of nematic mixtures consisting of a low molecular mass liquid crystal and a liquid crystalline monomer. Fluid mixtures were homeotropically aligned by rough surfaces and transparent films were obtained after polymerization. Transmittance in the OFF state can be larger than 80% and decreases to less than 1% when an electric field of about 2 V μm-1 at 1 kHz is applied (ON state). Both rise and decay times can be lower than 10 ms and the drop in the OFF state normal transmittance is drastically reduced with respect to conventional polymer dispersed liquid crystals since samples exhibit a reverse morphology. The role played by surface roughness is also discussed. © 2000 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Rough surfaces for orientation control in reverse mode polymer dispersed liquid crystal films

MACCHIONE, Marialuigia;Cupelli, Daniela;De Filpo, Giovanni;Nicoletta, Fiore P.;Chidichimo, Giuseppe
2000

Abstract

Reverse mode operation shutters have been achieved with polymer dispersed liquid crystals by means of polymerization-induced phase separation of nematic mixtures consisting of a low molecular mass liquid crystal and a liquid crystalline monomer. Fluid mixtures were homeotropically aligned by rough surfaces and transparent films were obtained after polymerization. Transmittance in the OFF state can be larger than 80% and decreases to less than 1% when an electric field of about 2 V μm-1 at 1 kHz is applied (ON state). Both rise and decay times can be lower than 10 ms and the drop in the OFF state normal transmittance is drastically reduced with respect to conventional polymer dispersed liquid crystals since samples exhibit a reverse morphology. The role played by surface roughness is also discussed. © 2000 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Chemistry (all); Materials Science (all); Condensed Matter Physics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/292784
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