Despite intensive investigations, the comprehension of the mechanisms ruling the interplay of charge doping, electron–phonon coupling and dynamic screening in supported graphene remains elusive yet. Using a combination of surface-science spectroscopies, we have studied these phenomena for graphene on both Pt-skin-terminated and nickel-oxide-skin-terminated Pt 3 Ni(1 1 1). Graphene epitaxially grown on the (1 1 1)-oriented Pt skin behaves as a charge-neutral graphene/metal contact, exhibiting a reduced coupling of the out-of-plane optical phonon with Dirac-cone electrons. Conversely, p-doped graphene/Pt(1 1 1) exhibits giant Kohn anomalies arising from the electron–phonon coupling. Upon oxidation, the Pt skin of Pt 3 Ni(1 1 1) evolves into a nickel-oxide skin, which results into a p-type doped graphene sheet. The plasmonic spectrum shows dramatic changes when going from a graphene/Pt-skin/Pt 3 Ni to a graphene/nickel-oxide/Pt 3 Ni configuration. Finally, we show that the presence of Ni atoms in the metal alloy does not affect the temperature at which the graphene phase is formed, contrarily to the interpretation of previous experiments.

Graphene on Pt 3 Ni(1 1 1): A suitable platform for tunable charge doping, electron–phonon coupling and plasmonic excitations

Politano, Antonio;Chiarello, Gennaro
2017

Abstract

Despite intensive investigations, the comprehension of the mechanisms ruling the interplay of charge doping, electron–phonon coupling and dynamic screening in supported graphene remains elusive yet. Using a combination of surface-science spectroscopies, we have studied these phenomena for graphene on both Pt-skin-terminated and nickel-oxide-skin-terminated Pt 3 Ni(1 1 1). Graphene epitaxially grown on the (1 1 1)-oriented Pt skin behaves as a charge-neutral graphene/metal contact, exhibiting a reduced coupling of the out-of-plane optical phonon with Dirac-cone electrons. Conversely, p-doped graphene/Pt(1 1 1) exhibits giant Kohn anomalies arising from the electron–phonon coupling. Upon oxidation, the Pt skin of Pt 3 Ni(1 1 1) evolves into a nickel-oxide skin, which results into a p-type doped graphene sheet. The plasmonic spectrum shows dramatic changes when going from a graphene/Pt-skin/Pt 3 Ni to a graphene/nickel-oxide/Pt 3 Ni configuration. Finally, we show that the presence of Ni atoms in the metal alloy does not affect the temperature at which the graphene phase is formed, contrarily to the interpretation of previous experiments.
Electron–phonon coupling; Graphene growth; Metal alloys; Oxidation; Phonons; Plasmons; Chemistry (all); Materials Science (all); Condensed Matter Physics; Mechanics of Materials; Mechanical Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/292811
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