This study focused primarily on the effects of various polymer modifications on the low-temperature cracking performance of asphalt binders and resultant mixtures. Two air-blown bitumens were blended with four polymers with or without the addition of polyphosphoric acid (PPA). The low-temperature properties of the neat bitumens and the modified binders were characterized using bending beam rheometer (BBR). The prismatic samples of dense graded asphalt mixtures with the same content of different binders of 4.7% by weight were tested on direct tension at constant strain rate. The low-temperature cracking of the mixtures was also evaluated by tensile stress restrained specimen test (TSRST). The results indicated that the low-temperature parameters were dependent on base bitumen and on polymer modification. For all tested binders, the Superpave criterion E<300MPa appeared to be more restrictive than criterion m>0.30. Polymer modification showed significant benefits as compared to the corresponding base bitumen for direct tensile strength of asphalt mix at low temperatures. Addition of PPA reduced the strength at −30°C while raised at −20°C and −10°C. The BBR limiting binder stiffness temperature was close to the TSRST critical asphalt mix cracking temperature.

Evaluating the effect of asphalt binder modification on the low-temperature cracking resistance of hot mix asphalt

Oliviero Rossi C.;
2019

Abstract

This study focused primarily on the effects of various polymer modifications on the low-temperature cracking performance of asphalt binders and resultant mixtures. Two air-blown bitumens were blended with four polymers with or without the addition of polyphosphoric acid (PPA). The low-temperature properties of the neat bitumens and the modified binders were characterized using bending beam rheometer (BBR). The prismatic samples of dense graded asphalt mixtures with the same content of different binders of 4.7% by weight were tested on direct tension at constant strain rate. The low-temperature cracking of the mixtures was also evaluated by tensile stress restrained specimen test (TSRST). The results indicated that the low-temperature parameters were dependent on base bitumen and on polymer modification. For all tested binders, the Superpave criterion E<300MPa appeared to be more restrictive than criterion m>0.30. Polymer modification showed significant benefits as compared to the corresponding base bitumen for direct tensile strength of asphalt mix at low temperatures. Addition of PPA reduced the strength at −30°C while raised at −20°C and −10°C. The BBR limiting binder stiffness temperature was close to the TSRST critical asphalt mix cracking temperature.
Asphalt pavement; Critical temperature; Low-temperature cracking; Polymer modification; Tensile strength; Thermal stress
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/294718
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