The growing interest towards the hydrogen utilization as energy carrier placed a high demand on hydrogen permeable membranes as compact devices for hydrogen separation and purification. Many studies in this scientific field demonstrated that the composite Pd-based membranes are particularly effective for the aforementioned purposes, particularly if compared to the utilization of self-supported Pd-based membranes for their high cost and mechanical limitations. As a case study, a composite membrane based on a thin Pd-Au (8 μm of metallic layer and 12 wt% of Au) supported on α-Al 2 O 3 substrate was produced by electroless plating deposition. Permeation tests were performed with pure gases (H 2 , N 2 , CO 2 , CH 4 ) by varying the temperature between 300 °C and 400 °C and the feed pressure from 150 to 350 kPa. The exponential factor (n-value) in the equation describing the relationship between the hydrogen flux permeating through the membrane and its driving force was analyzed as a function of temperature and pressure variation. An apparent activation energy of 11 kJ/mol has been reached and it is comparable to other data present in the open literature. A H 2 /N 2 ideal selectivity of around 500 was reached at 400 °C and 50 kPa of transmembrane pressure and it remained stable up to 600 h under operation. The presence of defects on the metallic layer has affected the membrane performance in terms of H 2 perm-selectivity as testified by the post-mortem analysis on the exhausted membrane.

Hydrogen permeation and separation characteristics of a thin Pd-Au/Al 2 O 3 membrane: The effect of the intermediate layer absence

Iulianelli A.;Jansen J. C.;ESPOSITO, ELISA;LONGO, MARIAGIULIA;Dalena F.;Basile A.
2019

Abstract

The growing interest towards the hydrogen utilization as energy carrier placed a high demand on hydrogen permeable membranes as compact devices for hydrogen separation and purification. Many studies in this scientific field demonstrated that the composite Pd-based membranes are particularly effective for the aforementioned purposes, particularly if compared to the utilization of self-supported Pd-based membranes for their high cost and mechanical limitations. As a case study, a composite membrane based on a thin Pd-Au (8 μm of metallic layer and 12 wt% of Au) supported on α-Al 2 O 3 substrate was produced by electroless plating deposition. Permeation tests were performed with pure gases (H 2 , N 2 , CO 2 , CH 4 ) by varying the temperature between 300 °C and 400 °C and the feed pressure from 150 to 350 kPa. The exponential factor (n-value) in the equation describing the relationship between the hydrogen flux permeating through the membrane and its driving force was analyzed as a function of temperature and pressure variation. An apparent activation energy of 11 kJ/mol has been reached and it is comparable to other data present in the open literature. A H 2 /N 2 ideal selectivity of around 500 was reached at 400 °C and 50 kPa of transmembrane pressure and it remained stable up to 600 h under operation. The presence of defects on the metallic layer has affected the membrane performance in terms of H 2 perm-selectivity as testified by the post-mortem analysis on the exhausted membrane.
H ; 2; /N ; 2; Hydrogen separation; Membrane; Pd-Au/Al ; 2; O ; 3; Selectivity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/295560
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