Self-assembling prodrug containing pH- and redox-responsive functional groups was prepared by covalent conjugation of Doxorubicin (Dox) and lipoic acid (LA) to a polyaldehyde Dextran (PAD). The resultant amphiphilic DoxPADLA forms, in a single step, hemocompatible vesicular systems able to respond to intracellular signals without using external crosslinking agents. Camptothecin (CPT) was encapsulated exploiting the hydrophobic interactions with the vesicle membrane, and release experiments, carried out in media mimicking the physiological and endolysosomial compartments, in the absence or presence of Glutathione, proved the ability of the system to modulate drug release in relation to the variation of pH and redox potential. Cytotoxicity assays and confocal experiments demonstrated the efficacy of the vesicle formulation in enhancing the synergistic anticancer effect of the delivered Dox and CPT and a rapid and significant internalization of the carrier in cancer cells.

Self-assembling Dextran prodrug for redox- and pH-responsive co-delivery of therapeutics in cancer cells

Curcio M.
;
Cirillo G.;PAOLI', ALESSANDRO;Naimo G. D.;Mauro L.;Amantea D.;Leggio A.;Nicoletta F. P.;Iemma F.
2020

Abstract

Self-assembling prodrug containing pH- and redox-responsive functional groups was prepared by covalent conjugation of Doxorubicin (Dox) and lipoic acid (LA) to a polyaldehyde Dextran (PAD). The resultant amphiphilic DoxPADLA forms, in a single step, hemocompatible vesicular systems able to respond to intracellular signals without using external crosslinking agents. Camptothecin (CPT) was encapsulated exploiting the hydrophobic interactions with the vesicle membrane, and release experiments, carried out in media mimicking the physiological and endolysosomial compartments, in the absence or presence of Glutathione, proved the ability of the system to modulate drug release in relation to the variation of pH and redox potential. Cytotoxicity assays and confocal experiments demonstrated the efficacy of the vesicle formulation in enhancing the synergistic anticancer effect of the delivered Dox and CPT and a rapid and significant internalization of the carrier in cancer cells.
Anticancer activity; Dextran derivative; Self-assembling prodrugs; Stimuli-responsive carrier
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/296048
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