Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of gender diversity on corporate cash holdings by scrutinizing different positions covered by female board directors. Design/methodology/approach – The paper examines a sample of Italian listed companies between 2006 and 2015. Fixed-effects regressions are employed as the base empirical methodology. In addition, because the link between corporate governance variables and cash may suffer from endogeneity issues, the study employs several tests to control for this potential problem. Findings – The empirical findings demonstrate that the relationship between gender diversity and cash holdingsdependsontheroleoffemaledirectorsontheboards.Specifically,theevidenceshowsthatwomenin monitoring functions, ruled by independent directors and female chairs, led to a decrease in cash reserves. Conversely, companies managed by female CEOs have larger cash holdings. Research limitations/implications – The paper refers to Italian listed companies only and does not analyzewhetherandhowthefinancialcrisishasaffectedthelinkbetweenfemaledirectorsandcashreserves. Practical implications – The study provides insights for the diverse effects of female directors on cash management decision and contributes to the debate on gender diversity capabilities for improving firm financial flexibility. Originality/value – This paper is the first empirical study to attempt to disentangle the effect of gender diversity on cash holdings. It sheds light on the consequences of appointingfemale directors on cash policies and explores the Italian context after the introduction of the gender quotas law. Keywords Gender diversity, Cash holdings, Female directors, Corporate liquidity Paper type Research paper

Female Directors and Cash Holdings: Monitoring vs Executive Roles

TENUTA PAOLO;
2019

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of gender diversity on corporate cash holdings by scrutinizing different positions covered by female board directors. Design/methodology/approach – The paper examines a sample of Italian listed companies between 2006 and 2015. Fixed-effects regressions are employed as the base empirical methodology. In addition, because the link between corporate governance variables and cash may suffer from endogeneity issues, the study employs several tests to control for this potential problem. Findings – The empirical findings demonstrate that the relationship between gender diversity and cash holdingsdependsontheroleoffemaledirectorsontheboards.Specifically,theevidenceshowsthatwomenin monitoring functions, ruled by independent directors and female chairs, led to a decrease in cash reserves. Conversely, companies managed by female CEOs have larger cash holdings. Research limitations/implications – The paper refers to Italian listed companies only and does not analyzewhetherandhowthefinancialcrisishasaffectedthelinkbetweenfemaledirectorsandcashreserves. Practical implications – The study provides insights for the diverse effects of female directors on cash management decision and contributes to the debate on gender diversity capabilities for improving firm financial flexibility. Originality/value – This paper is the first empirical study to attempt to disentangle the effect of gender diversity on cash holdings. It sheds light on the consequences of appointingfemale directors on cash policies and explores the Italian context after the introduction of the gender quotas law. Keywords Gender diversity, Cash holdings, Female directors, Corporate liquidity Paper type Research paper
Gender diversity, Cash holdings, Female directors, Corporate liquidity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/297685
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