The association among volcanism, tectonics and sedimentation may be critical for interpreting the paleogeographic and plate tectonic settings of the past. In modern and ancient sedimentary systems, volcaniclastic fragment classes have been distinguished on the basis of texture and composition. Criteria adopted for their temporal and spatial correlation with source volcanic areas, in terms of type of volcanism and particle-forming processes are still not well constrained and often a topic of controversy and misinterpretation. Here, we present data for volcaniclastic fragments occurring in modern beach sands of the Campanian coast of southern Italy, where there are two active volcanic areas, the Phlegrean Fields and Mt. Vesuvius. Despite their geographical proximity, these volcanoes are characterized by different magma compositions and eruptive mechanisms. We set out to test whether this translates into different textural and compositional characteristics of their associated volcaniclastic detritus in order to better constrain the criteria relating the type of volcanism to the nature of volcaniclastic sand fragments in the sedimentary record. Along a ~100 km coastal stretch, from the Volturno River mouth to Sorrento, 72 sand samples were collected mainly in beach berm environments. Detrital modes were defined for the medium sand fraction of each sample, where monocrystalline and lithic grains are easily identified. The analyzed samples show a mixed sedimentary and volcanic provenance. Samples from the northernmost coastal stretch showa sedimentary petrofacies at the Volturno River mouth. Bacoli marks the transition between the Apennine sedimentary and Phlegrean volcanic petrofacies. Along the Portici-Sorrento coastal stretch, volcanic lithic fragments dominate. Leucite and sanidine crystal components indicate that detritus from the Phlegrean Fields extends south from Licola to Naples Bay, whereas the Vesuvius provenance extends from Naples/Portici south to Castellammare di Stabia. Phlegrean Fields and Mt. Vesuvius volcaniclastic petrofacies have been discriminated through a different distribution of both compositions of the volcanic lithic fragments, leucite and K-feldspars content. Volcanic lithics with lathwork texture and leucite, are Mt. Vesuvius provenance source sensitive detrital grains, whereas volcanic lithics with vitric texture and K-feldspars marks the transition to the Phlegrean Fields petrofacies. The results formalize three different sandy petrofacies which were mapped from north to south as Sedimentary, Phlegrean (volcanic) and Vesuvius (volcanic) petrofacies.

Compositional and textural study of modern beach sands in the active volcanic area of the Campania region (southern Italy)

Morrone C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Le Pera E.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
De Rosa R.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2020

Abstract

The association among volcanism, tectonics and sedimentation may be critical for interpreting the paleogeographic and plate tectonic settings of the past. In modern and ancient sedimentary systems, volcaniclastic fragment classes have been distinguished on the basis of texture and composition. Criteria adopted for their temporal and spatial correlation with source volcanic areas, in terms of type of volcanism and particle-forming processes are still not well constrained and often a topic of controversy and misinterpretation. Here, we present data for volcaniclastic fragments occurring in modern beach sands of the Campanian coast of southern Italy, where there are two active volcanic areas, the Phlegrean Fields and Mt. Vesuvius. Despite their geographical proximity, these volcanoes are characterized by different magma compositions and eruptive mechanisms. We set out to test whether this translates into different textural and compositional characteristics of their associated volcaniclastic detritus in order to better constrain the criteria relating the type of volcanism to the nature of volcaniclastic sand fragments in the sedimentary record. Along a ~100 km coastal stretch, from the Volturno River mouth to Sorrento, 72 sand samples were collected mainly in beach berm environments. Detrital modes were defined for the medium sand fraction of each sample, where monocrystalline and lithic grains are easily identified. The analyzed samples show a mixed sedimentary and volcanic provenance. Samples from the northernmost coastal stretch showa sedimentary petrofacies at the Volturno River mouth. Bacoli marks the transition between the Apennine sedimentary and Phlegrean volcanic petrofacies. Along the Portici-Sorrento coastal stretch, volcanic lithic fragments dominate. Leucite and sanidine crystal components indicate that detritus from the Phlegrean Fields extends south from Licola to Naples Bay, whereas the Vesuvius provenance extends from Naples/Portici south to Castellammare di Stabia. Phlegrean Fields and Mt. Vesuvius volcaniclastic petrofacies have been discriminated through a different distribution of both compositions of the volcanic lithic fragments, leucite and K-feldspars content. Volcanic lithics with lathwork texture and leucite, are Mt. Vesuvius provenance source sensitive detrital grains, whereas volcanic lithics with vitric texture and K-feldspars marks the transition to the Phlegrean Fields petrofacies. The results formalize three different sandy petrofacies which were mapped from north to south as Sedimentary, Phlegrean (volcanic) and Vesuvius (volcanic) petrofacies.
Multiple source rocks, Petrographic analyses, Provenance, Source-sensitive minerals, Volcaniclastic fragments, Petrofacies dispersal pattern
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/297871
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