Nature exploits different strategies for enhancing the catalytic activity of enzymes, often resorting to producing beneficial mutations. The case of post-translational proline hydroxylation mutation in the active site of polysaccharide deacetylase (PDA) Bc1960 from Bacillus cereus is an interesting example of how small chemical modifications can cause significant improvements in enzymatic activity. In the present study the deacetylation mechanism promoted by both OH-proline (2Hyp) and standard proline (Pro) containing PDA is investigated using density functional theory. Although the mechanism presented for the two examined enzymes is in agreement with protease catalysis in metalloenzymes, the analysis along the potential energy surface (PES) reveals that the intermediate and product benefit energetically from the presence of the hydroxyl group on the proline. Our calculations provide evidence that for PDA-2Hyp, the hydrogen bond network established by the -OH group on the Cα of the proline with its closest neighbors stabilizes the transition states and, consequently, the reaction takes advantage of this. These results further contribute towards explaining the different catalytic activity experimentally observed for the polysaccharide deacetylase enzymes.

Why hydroxy-proline improves the catalytic power of the peptidoglycan: N -deacetylase enzyme: Insight from theory

Prejano M.;Romeo I.;Russo N.;Marino T.
2019

Abstract

Nature exploits different strategies for enhancing the catalytic activity of enzymes, often resorting to producing beneficial mutations. The case of post-translational proline hydroxylation mutation in the active site of polysaccharide deacetylase (PDA) Bc1960 from Bacillus cereus is an interesting example of how small chemical modifications can cause significant improvements in enzymatic activity. In the present study the deacetylation mechanism promoted by both OH-proline (2Hyp) and standard proline (Pro) containing PDA is investigated using density functional theory. Although the mechanism presented for the two examined enzymes is in agreement with protease catalysis in metalloenzymes, the analysis along the potential energy surface (PES) reveals that the intermediate and product benefit energetically from the presence of the hydroxyl group on the proline. Our calculations provide evidence that for PDA-2Hyp, the hydrogen bond network established by the -OH group on the Cα of the proline with its closest neighbors stabilizes the transition states and, consequently, the reaction takes advantage of this. These results further contribute towards explaining the different catalytic activity experimentally observed for the polysaccharide deacetylase enzymes.
Amidohydrolases; Bacillus cereus; Bacterial Proteins; Binding Sites; Biocatalysis; Hydrogen Bonding; Hydroxyproline; Molecular Dynamics Simulation; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Thermodynamics
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/298968
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact