3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl-CoA reductase, also known as HMGR, plays a crucial role in regulating cholesterol biosynthesis and represents the main pharmacological target of statins. In mammals, this enzyme localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. HMGR includes different regions, an integral N-terminal domain connected by a linker-region to a cytosolic C-terminal domain, the latter being responsible for enzymatic activity. The aim of this work was to design a simple strategy for cloning, expression, and purification of the catalytic C-terminal domain of the human HMGR (cf-HMGR), in order to spectrophotometrically test its enzymatic activity. The recombinant cf-HMGR protein was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, purified by Ni+-agarose affinity chromatography and reconstituted in its active form. MALDI mass spectrometry was adopted to monitor purification procedure as a technique orthogonal to the classical Western blot analysis. Protein identity was validated by MS and MS/MS analysis, confirming about 82% of the recombinant sequence. The specific activity of the purified and dialyzed cf-HMGR preparation was enriched about 85-fold with respect to the supernatant obtained from cell lysate. The effective, cheap, and easy method here described could be useful for screening statin-like molecules, so simplifying the search for new drugs with hypocholesterolemic effects.

Cloning, Purification, and Characterization of the Catalytic C-Terminal Domain of the Human 3-Hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl-CoA Reductase: An Effective, Fast, and Easy Method for Testing Hypocholesterolemic Compounds

Curcio R.;Aiello D.;Cappello A. R.;Siciliano C.;Napoli A.;Dolce V.
2020

Abstract

3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl-CoA reductase, also known as HMGR, plays a crucial role in regulating cholesterol biosynthesis and represents the main pharmacological target of statins. In mammals, this enzyme localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. HMGR includes different regions, an integral N-terminal domain connected by a linker-region to a cytosolic C-terminal domain, the latter being responsible for enzymatic activity. The aim of this work was to design a simple strategy for cloning, expression, and purification of the catalytic C-terminal domain of the human HMGR (cf-HMGR), in order to spectrophotometrically test its enzymatic activity. The recombinant cf-HMGR protein was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, purified by Ni+-agarose affinity chromatography and reconstituted in its active form. MALDI mass spectrometry was adopted to monitor purification procedure as a technique orthogonal to the classical Western blot analysis. Protein identity was validated by MS and MS/MS analysis, confirming about 82% of the recombinant sequence. The specific activity of the purified and dialyzed cf-HMGR preparation was enriched about 85-fold with respect to the supernatant obtained from cell lysate. The effective, cheap, and easy method here described could be useful for screening statin-like molecules, so simplifying the search for new drugs with hypocholesterolemic effects.
Affinity chromatography; Bacterial expression; Enzymatic activity; HMGR; MALDI MS and MS/MS; Screening of statin-like molecules
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/299042
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