The focus of this work is pointing out the different behavior of two structurally related Pt(II) complexes, the anionic cyclometalated NBu4[(Bzq)Pt(Thio)], 1 and the neutral [(Phen)Pt(Thio)], 2, (Bzq = benzo[h]quinoline, Phen = 1,10-phenantroline, Thio = 1,2-benzenedithiolate), on the interaction with human serum albumin (HSA), a key drug-delivery protein in the bloodstream. Being very limited the number of anionic Pt(II) complexes reported to date, this is a pioneering example of report on a protein-ligand interaction involving a negatively charged platinum compound. The study was carried out by using fluorescence spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and molecular docking simulations. The results revealed a strong binding affinity between the anionic compound and the protein, whereas a weak/moderate binding interaction was highlighted for the neutral one. Comparative studies with site specific ligands (warfarin and ibuprofen), allowed us to identify the protein binding sites of the two compounds. The work aims to shed light on the relevance of the charge in designing new drugs with a favorable binding affinity for HSA, which strongly contributes to influence their pharmacological and toxicological profile. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
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|Titolo:||Anionic versus neutral Pt(II) complexes: The relevance of the charge for human serum albumin binding|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|