Exploiting the relative entropy of coherence, we isolate the coherent contribution in the energetics of a driven nonequilibrium quantum system. We prove that a division of the irreversible work can be made into a coherent and incoherent part. This provides an operational criterion for quantifying the coherent contribution in a generic nonequilibrium transformation on a closed quantum system. We then study such a contribution in two physical models of a driven qubit and kicked rotor. In addition, we also show that coherence generation is connected to the nonadiabaticity of a processes, for which it gives the dominant contribution for slow-enough transformations. The amount of generated coherence in the energy eigenbasis is equivalent to the change in diagonal entropy, and here we show that it fulfills a fluctuation theorem.

Role of coherence in the nonequilibrium thermodynamics of quantum systems

Francica G.;Plastina F.
2019

Abstract

Exploiting the relative entropy of coherence, we isolate the coherent contribution in the energetics of a driven nonequilibrium quantum system. We prove that a division of the irreversible work can be made into a coherent and incoherent part. This provides an operational criterion for quantifying the coherent contribution in a generic nonequilibrium transformation on a closed quantum system. We then study such a contribution in two physical models of a driven qubit and kicked rotor. In addition, we also show that coherence generation is connected to the nonadiabaticity of a processes, for which it gives the dominant contribution for slow-enough transformations. The amount of generated coherence in the energy eigenbasis is equivalent to the change in diagonal entropy, and here we show that it fulfills a fluctuation theorem.
Fluctuation Relations and Quantum Thermodynamics
Quantum Coherence
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/299339
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 65
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 73
social impact