Exploiting the relative entropy of coherence, we isolate the coherent contribution in the energetics of a driven nonequilibrium quantum system. We prove that a division of the irreversible work can be made into a coherent and incoherent part. This provides an operational criterion for quantifying the coherent contribution in a generic nonequilibrium transformation on a closed quantum system. We then study such a contribution in two physical models of a driven qubit and kicked rotor. In addition, we also show that coherence generation is connected to the nonadiabaticity of a processes, for which it gives the dominant contribution for slow-enough transformations. The amount of generated coherence in the energy eigenbasis is equivalent to the change in diagonal entropy, and here we show that it fulfills a fluctuation theorem.
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|Titolo:||Role of coherence in the nonequilibrium thermodynamics of quantum systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|