The aim of this study was to quantify the burden of avoidable pediatric hospital admissions for Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSC) and to identify factors related to these preventable hospitalizations. The study was conducted by retrospectively reviewing all medical records of children admitted in a non-teaching 474-bed acute care hospital located in Catanzaro (Italy) for an avoidable hospitalization diagnosis. Two control clinical records involving children hospitalized for clinical conditions not classified as ACSC were randomly selected for each clinical record that included an ACSC. Among the 4293 pediatric hospitalizations, 451 (10.5%) were judged to be preventable. Of these, the most frequent discharge diagnoses were: dehydration (29.7%), pneumonia (17.7%), seizures (15.7%) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (12.9%).Children admitted for a preventable hospitalization were more likely to be females, to be younger, to be residents in the same province as the hospital and less likely to have had at least one Community-Based Pediatrician (CBP) access in the previous year and to have used the district health service. The burden of pediatric preventable hospitalizations found in this study is quite high, and the results show that there is still work that lies ahead on the way to improve interaction between hospital and community-based services.

Preventable pediatric hospitalizations and access to primary health care in Italy

Nobile C.;
2019

Abstract

The aim of this study was to quantify the burden of avoidable pediatric hospital admissions for Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSC) and to identify factors related to these preventable hospitalizations. The study was conducted by retrospectively reviewing all medical records of children admitted in a non-teaching 474-bed acute care hospital located in Catanzaro (Italy) for an avoidable hospitalization diagnosis. Two control clinical records involving children hospitalized for clinical conditions not classified as ACSC were randomly selected for each clinical record that included an ACSC. Among the 4293 pediatric hospitalizations, 451 (10.5%) were judged to be preventable. Of these, the most frequent discharge diagnoses were: dehydration (29.7%), pneumonia (17.7%), seizures (15.7%) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (12.9%).Children admitted for a preventable hospitalization were more likely to be females, to be younger, to be residents in the same province as the hospital and less likely to have had at least one Community-Based Pediatrician (CBP) access in the previous year and to have used the district health service. The burden of pediatric preventable hospitalizations found in this study is quite high, and the results show that there is still work that lies ahead on the way to improve interaction between hospital and community-based services.
Adolescent; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Infant; Italy; Male; Retrospective Studies; Hospitalization; Hospitals, Pediatric; Medical Records; Primary Health Care
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/300214
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