This paper describes an engineering approach for hydrogen accounting from production to dispensing at Cal State Los Angeles Hydrogen Research and Fueling Facility, equipped with an electrolyzer for on-site production. Particularly, the accounting process has been carried out by taking an in-depth look at current practices and databases, and its analysis has been based on data from quarterly reports of hydrogen production and dispensing related parameters and from its data acquisition system. It is described how the station addressed this analysis investigating several station areas. Following there is an assessment of the possible critical points, flanked by considerations, calculations, mathematical modeling and analysis of the database. The analysis led to a marked improvement on the station operation know-how. For most of the analyzed months the current average percentage of losses was found to be between 2 and 10%, whereas before it was between 30 and 35%. This current range of percentage (2–10)% includes all experiments done, defueling the buffer tanks, rebooting the dispenser, venting the lines, the uncertainty of the mass flow meter inside the dispenser (±5%) and the inherent uncertainty of Faraday's law for hydrogen production estimate. Among all areas analyzed, maintenance activities revealed themselves as the most critical ones, leading to data mismatching in hydrogen accounting. The paper aims also to provide a guideline with recommended practices based on our experience, deduced for station operators and builders, including several steps for leakage monitoring, prevention, and troubleshooting.

Hydrogen losses in fueling station operation

GENOVESE Matteo;FRAGIACOMO Petronilla
2020

Abstract

This paper describes an engineering approach for hydrogen accounting from production to dispensing at Cal State Los Angeles Hydrogen Research and Fueling Facility, equipped with an electrolyzer for on-site production. Particularly, the accounting process has been carried out by taking an in-depth look at current practices and databases, and its analysis has been based on data from quarterly reports of hydrogen production and dispensing related parameters and from its data acquisition system. It is described how the station addressed this analysis investigating several station areas. Following there is an assessment of the possible critical points, flanked by considerations, calculations, mathematical modeling and analysis of the database. The analysis led to a marked improvement on the station operation know-how. For most of the analyzed months the current average percentage of losses was found to be between 2 and 10%, whereas before it was between 30 and 35%. This current range of percentage (2–10)% includes all experiments done, defueling the buffer tanks, rebooting the dispenser, venting the lines, the uncertainty of the mass flow meter inside the dispenser (±5%) and the inherent uncertainty of Faraday's law for hydrogen production estimate. Among all areas analyzed, maintenance activities revealed themselves as the most critical ones, leading to data mismatching in hydrogen accounting. The paper aims also to provide a guideline with recommended practices based on our experience, deduced for station operators and builders, including several steps for leakage monitoring, prevention, and troubleshooting.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/301053
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