The paper aims at analysing the energy performance of an innovative multi-source energy system for residential small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) applications. The integrated system is based on an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) fuelled by biodiesel, a wind turbine, and a photovoltaic unit. The application refers to the Italian residential sector. The ORC system operates in order to satisfy the thermal demand of domestic users while wind and solar based sub-systems work in parallel to increase the electric self-consumption rate. An auxiliary boiler provides thermal energy when the CHP thermal output is low. Furthermore, when the solar and/or wind sources are significant, the ORC can be switched-off or operated at partial load. A preliminary investigation is performed to define the proper size of the ORC unit. Afterwards, the analysis is focused on a multi-variable optimisation of the integrated system. In particular, the nominal power of the wind turbine and photovoltaic units have been found in order to guarantee a proper trade-off between electric self-consumed and surplus energy.

Analysis of multi-source energy system for small-scale domestic applications. Integration of biodiesel, solar and wind energy

Angelo Algieri
;
Pietropaolo Morrone;Diego Perrone;Sergio Bova;Teresa Castiglione
2020

Abstract

The paper aims at analysing the energy performance of an innovative multi-source energy system for residential small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) applications. The integrated system is based on an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) fuelled by biodiesel, a wind turbine, and a photovoltaic unit. The application refers to the Italian residential sector. The ORC system operates in order to satisfy the thermal demand of domestic users while wind and solar based sub-systems work in parallel to increase the electric self-consumption rate. An auxiliary boiler provides thermal energy when the CHP thermal output is low. Furthermore, when the solar and/or wind sources are significant, the ORC can be switched-off or operated at partial load. A preliminary investigation is performed to define the proper size of the ORC unit. Afterwards, the analysis is focused on a multi-variable optimisation of the integrated system. In particular, the nominal power of the wind turbine and photovoltaic units have been found in order to guarantee a proper trade-off between electric self-consumed and surplus energy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/301707
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