Citrusaurantium is a widespread tree in the Mediterranean area, and it is mainly used as rootstock for other citrus. In the present study, a vacuum infiltration centrifugation procedure, followed by solid phase extraction matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization tandem mass spectrometry (SPE MALDI MS/MS) analysis, was adopted to isolate proteins from leaves. The results of mass spectrometry (MS) profiling, combined with the top-down proteomics approach, allowed the identification of 78 proteins. The bioinformatic databases TargetP, SignalP, ChloroP, WallProtDB, and mGOASVM-Loc were used to predict the subcellular localization of the identified proteins. Among 78 identified proteins, 20 were targeted as secretory pathway proteins and 36 were predicted to be in cellular compartments including cytoplasm, nucleus, and cell membrane. The largest subcellular fraction was the secretory pathway, accounting for 25% of total proteins. Gene Ontology (GO) of Citrus sinensis was used to simplify the functional annotation of the proteins that were identified in the leaves. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) showed the enrichment of metabolic pathways including glutathione metabolism and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, suggesting that the response to a range of environmental factors is the key processes in citrus leaves. Finally, the Lipase GDSL domain-containing protein GDSL esterase/lipase, which is involved in plant development and defense response, was for the first time identified and characterized in Citrus aurantium.

Protein Extraction, Enrichment and MALDI MS and MS/MS Analysis from Bitter Orange Leaves (Citrusaurantium)

Aiello D.;Siciliano C.;Mazzotti F.;Di Donna L.;Napoli A.
2020

Abstract

Citrusaurantium is a widespread tree in the Mediterranean area, and it is mainly used as rootstock for other citrus. In the present study, a vacuum infiltration centrifugation procedure, followed by solid phase extraction matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization tandem mass spectrometry (SPE MALDI MS/MS) analysis, was adopted to isolate proteins from leaves. The results of mass spectrometry (MS) profiling, combined with the top-down proteomics approach, allowed the identification of 78 proteins. The bioinformatic databases TargetP, SignalP, ChloroP, WallProtDB, and mGOASVM-Loc were used to predict the subcellular localization of the identified proteins. Among 78 identified proteins, 20 were targeted as secretory pathway proteins and 36 were predicted to be in cellular compartments including cytoplasm, nucleus, and cell membrane. The largest subcellular fraction was the secretory pathway, accounting for 25% of total proteins. Gene Ontology (GO) of Citrus sinensis was used to simplify the functional annotation of the proteins that were identified in the leaves. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) showed the enrichment of metabolic pathways including glutathione metabolism and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, suggesting that the response to a range of environmental factors is the key processes in citrus leaves. Finally, the Lipase GDSL domain-containing protein GDSL esterase/lipase, which is involved in plant development and defense response, was for the first time identified and characterized in Citrus aurantium.
Citrus aurantium; GDSLs; MALDI MS/MS; SPE enrichments; vacuum infiltration centrifugation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/302994
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