The reaction of PMe3 or PPh3 with PF5 in anhydrous CH2Cl2 or hexane forms the white, moisture-sensitive complexes [PF5(PR3)] (R = Me, Ph). Similar reactions involving the diphosphines o-C6H4(PR2)2 afford the complexes [PF4{o-C6H4(PR2)2}][PF6]. The X-ray structures of [PF5(PR3)] and [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][PF6] show pseudo-octahedral fluorophosphorus centers. Multinuclear NMR spectra (1H, 19F{1H}, 31P{1H}) show that in solution in CH2Cl2/CD2Cl2 the structures determined crystallographically are the only species present for [PF5(PMe3)] and [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][PF6] but that [PF5(PPh3)] and [PF4{o-C6H4(PPh2)2}][PF6] exhibit reversible dissociation of the phosphine at ambient temperatures, although exchange slows at low temperatures. The complex 19F{1H} and 31P{1H} NMR spectra have been analyzed, including those of the cation [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]+, which is a second-order AA′XX′B2M spin system. The unstable [PF5(AsMe3)], which decomposes in a few hours at ambient temperatures, has also been isolated and spectroscopically characterized; neither AsPh3 nor SbEt3 forms similar complexes. The electronic structures of the PF5 complexes have been explored by DFT calculations. The DFT optimized geometries for [PF5(PMe3)], [PF5(PPh3)], and [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]+ are in good agreement with their respective crystal structure geometries. DFT calculations on the PF5-L complexes reveal the P-L bond strength falls with L in the order PMe3 > PPh3 > AsMe3, consistent with the experimentally observed stabilities, and in the PF5-L complexes, electron transfer from L to PF5 on forming these complexes also follows the order PMe3 > PPh3 ≈ AsMe3.

Tertiary Phosphine and Arsine Complexes of Phosphorus Pentafluoride: Synthesis, Properties, and Electronic Structures

De Luca G.
Formal Analysis
2020-01-01

Abstract

The reaction of PMe3 or PPh3 with PF5 in anhydrous CH2Cl2 or hexane forms the white, moisture-sensitive complexes [PF5(PR3)] (R = Me, Ph). Similar reactions involving the diphosphines o-C6H4(PR2)2 afford the complexes [PF4{o-C6H4(PR2)2}][PF6]. The X-ray structures of [PF5(PR3)] and [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][PF6] show pseudo-octahedral fluorophosphorus centers. Multinuclear NMR spectra (1H, 19F{1H}, 31P{1H}) show that in solution in CH2Cl2/CD2Cl2 the structures determined crystallographically are the only species present for [PF5(PMe3)] and [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}][PF6] but that [PF5(PPh3)] and [PF4{o-C6H4(PPh2)2}][PF6] exhibit reversible dissociation of the phosphine at ambient temperatures, although exchange slows at low temperatures. The complex 19F{1H} and 31P{1H} NMR spectra have been analyzed, including those of the cation [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]+, which is a second-order AA′XX′B2M spin system. The unstable [PF5(AsMe3)], which decomposes in a few hours at ambient temperatures, has also been isolated and spectroscopically characterized; neither AsPh3 nor SbEt3 forms similar complexes. The electronic structures of the PF5 complexes have been explored by DFT calculations. The DFT optimized geometries for [PF5(PMe3)], [PF5(PPh3)], and [PF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}]+ are in good agreement with their respective crystal structure geometries. DFT calculations on the PF5-L complexes reveal the P-L bond strength falls with L in the order PMe3 > PPh3 > AsMe3, consistent with the experimentally observed stabilities, and in the PF5-L complexes, electron transfer from L to PF5 on forming these complexes also follows the order PMe3 > PPh3 ≈ AsMe3.
NMR, Tertiary Phosphine, Complexes of Phosphorus 2 Pentafluoride
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/303037
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