Man is born silent. Silent he leads his life for all his phylogeny and "aphasic" manifests himself on his arrival among his fellow men. Man shapes his voice without being pushed by his physiology. The human being is naturally a being who listens but is not necessarily a being who speaks. In this regard, the existence of the voice roots man in the mother and in the social. He destines it to freedom and choice, without however avoiding dependence, that is, the inevitable encounter with the other. Some philosophers have shown the importance of the "fact" that human language is verbal, that is, auditory and vocal. We propose here to explore a short part of this story mainly thanks to the theories of an original philosopher of the language of the late eighteenth century: Maine de Biran.

La voix: une décision très innaturelle

Chirico'
2020

Abstract

Man is born silent. Silent he leads his life for all his phylogeny and "aphasic" manifests himself on his arrival among his fellow men. Man shapes his voice without being pushed by his physiology. The human being is naturally a being who listens but is not necessarily a being who speaks. In this regard, the existence of the voice roots man in the mother and in the social. He destines it to freedom and choice, without however avoiding dependence, that is, the inevitable encounter with the other. Some philosophers have shown the importance of the "fact" that human language is verbal, that is, auditory and vocal. We propose here to explore a short part of this story mainly thanks to the theories of an original philosopher of the language of the late eighteenth century: Maine de Biran.
L’homme naît silencieux. Silencieux il mène sa vie tout au long de sa phylogenèse et «aphasique» il se manifeste au moment de son arrivée parmi ses semblables. L’homme façonne sa voix sans y être poussé par sa physiologie. L’être humain est naturellement un être qui écoute mais n’est pas nécessairement un être qui parle. À cet égard, l’existence de la voix enracine l’homme dans le maternel et le social et le destine à la liberté, voire au choix, sans pour autant lui éviter la dépendance, c’est-à-dire l’inéluctable rencontre avec notre moi qui est l’autre. Certains philosophes ont essaié de montrer en quel sens il importe de valoriser le «fait» que le langage humain soit verbal, voire auditif et vocal. On se propose ici d’explorer une brève portion de cette histoire grâce surtout aux suggestions d’un originel philosophe du langage de la fin du XVIII siècle : Maine de Biran.
Body, Embryogenesis of language, Philosophy of effort, Hearing, Maine de Biran
Corps, Embryogenèse du langage, Langage, Maine de Biran, Toucher
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/303477
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