The use of DNA-based therapeutics requires efficient delivery systems to transport the DNA to their place of action within the cell. To accomplish this, we investigated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (pristine MWCNT, p-MWCNT) functionalized with hydroxyl groups via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. In this way, we have obtained MWCNT-f-OH with improved stability in aqueous dispersions which is an advantageous property for their use in cellular environments. Afterwards, a carrier strand oligodeoxynucleotide (CS-ODN) was adsorbed to MWCNT-f-OH followed by hybridization with a therapeutic antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (AS-ODN). The amount of adsorbed CS-ODN, as well as the complementary AS-ODN and a non-complementary oligodeoxynucleotide (NS-ODN) as reference, was directly measured by radionuclide labeling of ODNs. We show that subsequent release of AS-ODNs and NS-ODNs was possible for MWCNT-f-OH above the melting temperature of AS-ODNs at 80 °C and under physiological conditions at different pH values at 37°C. We also show a very low influence of p-MWCNT and MWCNT-f-OH on the cell viability of the bladder carcinoma (BCa) cell line EJ28 and that both MWCNT types were internalized by EJ28. Therefore, MWCNT-f-OH represents a promising carrier able to transport and release AS-ODNs inside cells. This journal is

Functionalized carbon nanotubes as transporters for antisense oligodeoxynucleotides

Cirillo G.;
2014

Abstract

The use of DNA-based therapeutics requires efficient delivery systems to transport the DNA to their place of action within the cell. To accomplish this, we investigated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (pristine MWCNT, p-MWCNT) functionalized with hydroxyl groups via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. In this way, we have obtained MWCNT-f-OH with improved stability in aqueous dispersions which is an advantageous property for their use in cellular environments. Afterwards, a carrier strand oligodeoxynucleotide (CS-ODN) was adsorbed to MWCNT-f-OH followed by hybridization with a therapeutic antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (AS-ODN). The amount of adsorbed CS-ODN, as well as the complementary AS-ODN and a non-complementary oligodeoxynucleotide (NS-ODN) as reference, was directly measured by radionuclide labeling of ODNs. We show that subsequent release of AS-ODNs and NS-ODNs was possible for MWCNT-f-OH above the melting temperature of AS-ODNs at 80 °C and under physiological conditions at different pH values at 37°C. We also show a very low influence of p-MWCNT and MWCNT-f-OH on the cell viability of the bladder carcinoma (BCa) cell line EJ28 and that both MWCNT types were internalized by EJ28. Therefore, MWCNT-f-OH represents a promising carrier able to transport and release AS-ODNs inside cells. This journal is
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/305658
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