The present paper proposes an energy analysis on a hydrogen production and storage system. The dynamic and multi-physical investigation is inherent to an energy system composed of a PEM electrolyzer, a diaphragm compressor, a gaseous storage system, ancillaries, and control procedures. To perform this investigation, a model previously developed by the authors has been used. The case-study simulation shows how the electrolyzer has the predominant rate, accounting for 88.5% of the daily 24-h energy demand (13 MWh). The electrolyzer specific energy consumption for 205 kg of hydrogen generated resulted to be 56.3 kWh/kg. The other components have required 1.5 MWh, with a specific energy of about 7.5 kWh/kg. The overall system efficiency resulted to be 52.9%, including all the components and their energy consumption and guaranteeing 14.9 metric tons of avoided carbon dioxide.

Numerical simulations of the energy performance of a PEM water electrolysis based high-pressure hydrogen refueling station

FRAGIACOMO Petronilla;GENOVESE Matteo
2020-01-01

Abstract

The present paper proposes an energy analysis on a hydrogen production and storage system. The dynamic and multi-physical investigation is inherent to an energy system composed of a PEM electrolyzer, a diaphragm compressor, a gaseous storage system, ancillaries, and control procedures. To perform this investigation, a model previously developed by the authors has been used. The case-study simulation shows how the electrolyzer has the predominant rate, accounting for 88.5% of the daily 24-h energy demand (13 MWh). The electrolyzer specific energy consumption for 205 kg of hydrogen generated resulted to be 56.3 kWh/kg. The other components have required 1.5 MWh, with a specific energy of about 7.5 kWh/kg. The overall system efficiency resulted to be 52.9%, including all the components and their energy consumption and guaranteeing 14.9 metric tons of avoided carbon dioxide.
2020
Carbon footprint
Energy performance
Hydrogen compression
Hydrogen storage
PEM Electrolyzer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/306900
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