Clinical studies showed that renal expression and serum levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) are increased in renal diseases characterized by progressive fibrosis, a pathologic process in which TGF-β1 mediates most of the key events leading to tubular epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the pathogenic role of high NGF levels has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we found that in tubular renal cells, HK-2, NGF transcriptionally up-regulated TGF-β1 expression and secretion and enhanced cell motility by activating EMT markers via its receptors, TrkA and p75NTR. Interestingly, we observed that TGF-β1-SMAD pathway activation and the up-regulation of EMT markers NGF-induced were both prevented when knockdown of TGF-β1 gene occurred and that the pretreatment with an antibody anti-NGF reversed the nuclear translocation of pSMAD3/SMAD4 complex. Collectively, our results demonstrated that NGF promotes renal fibrosis via TGF-β1-signaling activation, suggesting that in kidney diseases high NGF serum levels could contribute to worsen renal fibrosis.
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|Titolo:||Nerve growth factor exposure promotes tubular epithelial-mesenchymal transition via TGF- β 1 signaling activation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|