Background: Assessing the risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia in kidney transplant recipients (KTR) may be helpful to indicate in which patient it is worth starting antiviral treatment during preemptive strategy. Methods: In 40 CMV-seropositive KTR preemptively treated with ganciclovir, we used interferon (IFN)-γ ELISpot test to evaluate whether monitoring T cells directed against phosphoprotein (pp) 65 and immediate early (IE)-1 antigens could predict the onset of viremia. Results: CMV viremia occurred in 24 patients (60%) within 120 days after transplantation. Non-viremic patients had higher anti-pp65, anti-IE-1 T cells, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the first 90 days after transplantation. At logistic regression, anti-pp65, anti-IE-1 T cells, and eGFR measured at day 30 were significantly associated with CMV infection. Cutoff values of 15 spot-forming cells (SFCs)/200,000 peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) for anti-IE, 40 SFCs/200,000 PBMCs for anti-pp65, and 46.6 mL/min/1.73 m2 for eGFR, respectively, predicted the risk of CMV infection with high sensitivity and specificity (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve >0.75). Using a classification tree model, we identified as high-risk patients those showing anti-pp65 <42 SFCs/200,000 PBMCs and eGFR <62 mL/min/1.73 m2, as well as anti-pp65 ≥42 and anti-IE-1 <6.5 SFCs/200,000 PBMCs. Conclusion: Monitoring CMV-specific T-cell responses and eGFR in the first month post transplant can identify patients at high risk of CMV infection, for whom preemptive antiviral therapy is recommended.
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|Titolo:||Early cytomegalovirus-specific T-cell response and estimated glomerular filtration rate identify patients at high risk of infection after renal transplantation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|