Introduction: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection represents a common cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). The NF-kB signaling pathway is highly involved in the pathogenesis of CMV infection. The -94ins/delATTG functional polymorphism in the promoter of NFKB1 has been associated with low intracellular levels of the protein and high incidence of inflammatory and autoimmune disease. In this study, we evaluated the association of this NFKB1 polymorphism with the risk of CMV infection. Methods: CMV infection was defined as virus isolation or detection of viral antigens or nucleic acid in any body fluid or tissue specimen. Using Cox regression and survival analysis, we analyzed the association between the polymorphism and CMV infection as well as recurrence in the first 12 months after transplantation. Results: We analyzed the -94ins/delATTG NFKB1 polymorphism of 189 KTRs. The 65% of CMV infections occurred in ins/ins group. Survival free from CMV infection was 54.7% for ins/ins group and 79.4% for deletion carriers one year after transplantation (P < 0.0001). At multivariate regression, deletion carriers showed a lower risk of CMV infection and recurrence with respect to ins/ins KTRs (HR = 0.224 P = 0.0002; HR = 0.307, P = 0.012, respectively). Conclusions: In conclusion, pretransplantation screening for NFKB1 -94ins/delATTG polymorphism may predict CMV infection and improve the management of patients at higher risk of infection in the post-transplant period.

NFKB1 promoter polymorphism: A new predictive marker of cytomegalovirus infection after kidney transplantation

Lofaro D.;Perri A.;Vizza D.;
2019

Abstract

Introduction: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection represents a common cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). The NF-kB signaling pathway is highly involved in the pathogenesis of CMV infection. The -94ins/delATTG functional polymorphism in the promoter of NFKB1 has been associated with low intracellular levels of the protein and high incidence of inflammatory and autoimmune disease. In this study, we evaluated the association of this NFKB1 polymorphism with the risk of CMV infection. Methods: CMV infection was defined as virus isolation or detection of viral antigens or nucleic acid in any body fluid or tissue specimen. Using Cox regression and survival analysis, we analyzed the association between the polymorphism and CMV infection as well as recurrence in the first 12 months after transplantation. Results: We analyzed the -94ins/delATTG NFKB1 polymorphism of 189 KTRs. The 65% of CMV infections occurred in ins/ins group. Survival free from CMV infection was 54.7% for ins/ins group and 79.4% for deletion carriers one year after transplantation (P < 0.0001). At multivariate regression, deletion carriers showed a lower risk of CMV infection and recurrence with respect to ins/ins KTRs (HR = 0.224 P = 0.0002; HR = 0.307, P = 0.012, respectively). Conclusions: In conclusion, pretransplantation screening for NFKB1 -94ins/delATTG polymorphism may predict CMV infection and improve the management of patients at higher risk of infection in the post-transplant period.
cytomegalovirus infection
NFKB1 polymorphism
preemptive therapy
renal transplantation
Adult
Biomarkers
Cytomegalovirus
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Genetic Testing
Humans
INDEL Mutation
Incidence
Kidney Transplantation
Male
Middle Aged
NF-kappa B p50 Subunit
Polymorphism, Genetic
Postoperative Complications
Predictive Value of Tests
Preoperative Care
Prognosis
Promoter Regions, Genetic
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/307054
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