Recently major advances were gained on the designed proteins aimed to generate biomolecular mimics of proteases. Although such enzyme-like catalysts must still suffer refinements for improving the catalytic activity, at the moment, they represent a good example of artificial enzymes to be tested in different fields. Herein, a de novo designed homo-heptameric peptide assembly (CC-Hept) where the esterase activity towards p-nitro-phenylacetate was obtained for introduction of the catalytic triad (Cys-His-Glu) into the hydrophobic matrix, is the object of the present combined molecular dynamics and quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics investigation. Constant pH Molecular Dynamics simulations on the apoform of CC-Hept suggested that the Cys residues are present in the protonated form. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the enzyme-substrate complex evidenced the attitude of the enzyme-like system to retain water molecules, necessary in the hydrolytic reaction, in correspondence of the active site, represented by the Cys-His-Glu triad on each of the seven chains, without significant structural perturbations. A detailed reaction mechanism of esterase activity of CC-Hept-Cys-His-Glu was investigated on the basis of the quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculations employing a large quantum mechanical (QM) region of the active site. The proposed mechanism is consistent with available esterases kinetics and structural data. The roles of the active site residues were also evaluated. The deacylation phase emerged as the rate-determining step, in agreement with esterase activity of other natural proteases.

On the Catalytic Activity of the Engineered Coiled-Coil Heptamer Mimicking the Hydrolase Enzymes: Insights from a Computational Study

Prejanò M.;Romeo I.;Russo N.;Marino T.
2020

Abstract

Recently major advances were gained on the designed proteins aimed to generate biomolecular mimics of proteases. Although such enzyme-like catalysts must still suffer refinements for improving the catalytic activity, at the moment, they represent a good example of artificial enzymes to be tested in different fields. Herein, a de novo designed homo-heptameric peptide assembly (CC-Hept) where the esterase activity towards p-nitro-phenylacetate was obtained for introduction of the catalytic triad (Cys-His-Glu) into the hydrophobic matrix, is the object of the present combined molecular dynamics and quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics investigation. Constant pH Molecular Dynamics simulations on the apoform of CC-Hept suggested that the Cys residues are present in the protonated form. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the enzyme-substrate complex evidenced the attitude of the enzyme-like system to retain water molecules, necessary in the hydrolytic reaction, in correspondence of the active site, represented by the Cys-His-Glu triad on each of the seven chains, without significant structural perturbations. A detailed reaction mechanism of esterase activity of CC-Hept-Cys-His-Glu was investigated on the basis of the quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculations employing a large quantum mechanical (QM) region of the active site. The proposed mechanism is consistent with available esterases kinetics and structural data. The roles of the active site residues were also evaluated. The deacylation phase emerged as the rate-determining step, in agreement with esterase activity of other natural proteases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/307216
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