Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) contributes to Ca2+ refilling of endoplasmic reticulum (ER), but also provides Ca2+ influx involved in physiological and pathological signalling functions. Upon depletion of Ca2+ store, the sensor protein stromal interaction molecule (STIM) activates Orai1, forming an ion-conducting pore highly selective for Ca2+. SOCE-associated regulatory factor (SARAF) associates with STIM1 to facilitate a slow form of Ca2+-dependent inactivation of SOCE or interacts with Orai1 to stimulate SOCE in STIM1-independent manner. We have investigated whether cerebral ischemic damage and neuroprotection conferred by ischemic preconditioning (PC) in mouse are associated with changes in the expression of the molecular components of SOCE. Ischemic PC induced by 15-min occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAo) resulted in significant amelioration of histological and functional outcomes produced, 72 h later, by a more severe ischemia (1 h MCAo). Neither ischemia, nor PC affected the expression of Orai1 in the frontoparietal cortex. However, the number of Orai1-immunopositive cells, mostly corresponding to Ly-6G+ neutrophils, was significantly elevated in the blood after the ischemic insult, regardless of previous PC. The expression of Stim1 and SARAF, mainly localised in NeuN-immunopositive neurons, was reduced in the ischemic cortex. Interestingly, neuroprotection by ischemic PC prevented the reduction of SARAF expression in the lesioned cortex and this could be interpreted as a compensatory mechanism to restore ER Ca2+ refilling in neurons in the absence of STIM1. Thus, preventing SARAF downregulation may represent a pivotal mechanism implicated in neuroprotection provided by ischemic PC and should be exploited as an original target for novel stroke therapies.
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|Titolo:||Modulation of Cerebral Store-operated Calcium Entry-regulatory Factor (SARAF) and Peripheral Orai1 Following Focal Cerebral Ischemia and Preconditioning in Mice|
AMANTEA, Diana (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|