A series of 4-phenyl-6H-imidazo[1,5-a]thieno[3,2-f][1,4]diazepine-7-carboxylate esters were synthesized and tested as central benzodiazepine receptor (CBR) ligands by the ability to displace [3H]flumazenil from rat cortical membranes. All the compounds showed high affinity with IC50 values ranging from 5.19 to 16.22 nM. In particular, compounds 12b (IC50 = 8.66 nM) and 12d (IC50 = 5.19 nM) appeared as the most effective ligands being their affinity values significantly lower than that of diazepam (IC50 = 18.52 nM). Compounds 12a-f were examined in vivo for their pharmacological effects in mice and five potential benzodiazepine (BDZ) actions were thus taken into consideration: anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, anti-amnesic, hypnotic, and locomotor activities. All the new synthesized compounds were able to induce a significant antianxiety effect and, among them, compound 12f protected pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced convulsions in a dose-dependent manner reaching a 40% effect at 30 mg/kg. In addition, all the compounds were able to significantly prevent the memory impairment evoked by scopolamine, while none of them was able to interfere with pentobarbital-evoked sleep and influence motor coordination. Moreover, title compounds did not affect locomotor and exploratory activity at the same time and doses at which the anti-anxiety effect was observed. Finally, molecular docking simulations were carried out in order to assess the binding mode for compounds 12a-f. The obtained results demonstrated that these compounds bind the BDZ binding site in a similar fashion to flumazenil.

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 7-substituted 4-phenyl-6H-imidazo[1,5-a]thieno[3,2-f] [1,4]diazepines as safe anxiolytic agents

Grande F.;Garofalo A.;
2020

Abstract

A series of 4-phenyl-6H-imidazo[1,5-a]thieno[3,2-f][1,4]diazepine-7-carboxylate esters were synthesized and tested as central benzodiazepine receptor (CBR) ligands by the ability to displace [3H]flumazenil from rat cortical membranes. All the compounds showed high affinity with IC50 values ranging from 5.19 to 16.22 nM. In particular, compounds 12b (IC50 = 8.66 nM) and 12d (IC50 = 5.19 nM) appeared as the most effective ligands being their affinity values significantly lower than that of diazepam (IC50 = 18.52 nM). Compounds 12a-f were examined in vivo for their pharmacological effects in mice and five potential benzodiazepine (BDZ) actions were thus taken into consideration: anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, anti-amnesic, hypnotic, and locomotor activities. All the new synthesized compounds were able to induce a significant antianxiety effect and, among them, compound 12f protected pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced convulsions in a dose-dependent manner reaching a 40% effect at 30 mg/kg. In addition, all the compounds were able to significantly prevent the memory impairment evoked by scopolamine, while none of them was able to interfere with pentobarbital-evoked sleep and influence motor coordination. Moreover, title compounds did not affect locomotor and exploratory activity at the same time and doses at which the anti-anxiety effect was observed. Finally, molecular docking simulations were carried out in order to assess the binding mode for compounds 12a-f. The obtained results demonstrated that these compounds bind the BDZ binding site in a similar fashion to flumazenil.
Anxiolytic agents
Benzodiazepine
CBR
Molecular modelling
Synthesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/308053
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