The dual cooling system at the California State University Los Angeles Hydrogen Research and Fueling Facility is analysed to predict the output hydrogen temperature in different ambient conditions. Initially, the facility was built with a coil chiller T20 cooling, sufficient for occasional fuelings. A flat plate evaporator system was added in series to resolve any issues for multiple fuelings even in the hottest weather. This study was commenced to verify the set points and determine the control requirements for the dual setup in order to inform future designs. A numerical-empirical model of the cooling system was developed by reverse engineering, using the station experimental measurements and database records. The subsystems are characterized separately but validated as a whole system imposing specific and standard operating conditions. The cooling model is tested with different inputs to validate the pre-set parameter variation of the cooling components. Ten scenarios were investigated to evaluate the fueling output parameters, testing two hydrogen temperature input trends (according to the facility initial conditions) and five ambient temperatures (from 15 °C to 35 °C). The simulation results have confirmed that the hydrogen output temperature remains within the range imposed by the SAE J2601 for each scenario studied, around −22 °C and −25 °C.

Empirically verified analysis of dual pre-cooling system for hydrogen refuelling station

Piraino F.
;
Fragiacomo P.
2021

Abstract

The dual cooling system at the California State University Los Angeles Hydrogen Research and Fueling Facility is analysed to predict the output hydrogen temperature in different ambient conditions. Initially, the facility was built with a coil chiller T20 cooling, sufficient for occasional fuelings. A flat plate evaporator system was added in series to resolve any issues for multiple fuelings even in the hottest weather. This study was commenced to verify the set points and determine the control requirements for the dual setup in order to inform future designs. A numerical-empirical model of the cooling system was developed by reverse engineering, using the station experimental measurements and database records. The subsystems are characterized separately but validated as a whole system imposing specific and standard operating conditions. The cooling model is tested with different inputs to validate the pre-set parameter variation of the cooling components. Ten scenarios were investigated to evaluate the fueling output parameters, testing two hydrogen temperature input trends (according to the facility initial conditions) and five ambient temperatures (from 15 °C to 35 °C). The simulation results have confirmed that the hydrogen output temperature remains within the range imposed by the SAE J2601 for each scenario studied, around −22 °C and −25 °C.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/309143
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact