Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality in the Western population, so the attempt to find a marker capable of predicting their early onset is not surprising. It is known that arteriogenic erectile dysfunction (ED) precedes the onset of a major coronary event by several years. However, a marker that is able to early identify those patients who should undergo further diagnostic investigations is, to date, missing. Recent research on this topic has focused on the role of the mean platelet volume (MPV), a marker of platelet activity that is high in most vascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), and ED. The basic pathophysiological mechanism of all these clinical conditions is atherosclerosis. Platelets play a central role in amplifying this process both indirectly by stimulating endothelial cells to produce inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and directly through the expression of membrane receptors and the release of molecules that contribute to the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. The objective of this review is to critically analyze the evidence on the role of MPV in predicting the diagnosis and severity of vasculogenic ED and the possibility of using this simple marker as a first step to start a diagnostic process aimed at assessing the cardiovascular risk in these patients.

Mean Platelet Volume as a Marker of Vasculogenic Erectile Dysfunction and Future Cardiovascular Risk

Perri, Anna;
2020

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality in the Western population, so the attempt to find a marker capable of predicting their early onset is not surprising. It is known that arteriogenic erectile dysfunction (ED) precedes the onset of a major coronary event by several years. However, a marker that is able to early identify those patients who should undergo further diagnostic investigations is, to date, missing. Recent research on this topic has focused on the role of the mean platelet volume (MPV), a marker of platelet activity that is high in most vascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), and ED. The basic pathophysiological mechanism of all these clinical conditions is atherosclerosis. Platelets play a central role in amplifying this process both indirectly by stimulating endothelial cells to produce inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and directly through the expression of membrane receptors and the release of molecules that contribute to the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. The objective of this review is to critically analyze the evidence on the role of MPV in predicting the diagnosis and severity of vasculogenic ED and the possibility of using this simple marker as a first step to start a diagnostic process aimed at assessing the cardiovascular risk in these patients.
arteriogenic erectile dysfunction
atherosclerosis
coronary artery disease
mean platelet volume
vascular diseases
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/309146
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