Abstract: Most of the dyes used today by the textile industry are of synthetic origin. These substances, many of which are highly toxic, are in many cases not adequately filtered during the processing stages, ending up in groundwater and water courses. The aim of this work was to optimize the adsorption process of carbon nanotubes to remove an azo-dye, called Reactive Black-5, from aqueous systems. Particular systems containing carbon nanotubes and dye solutions were analyzed. Furthermore, the reversibility of the process and the presence of possible degradation phenomena by the dye molecules were investigated. For this purpose, the influence of different parameters on the adsorption process, such as the nature of the carbon nanotubes (purified and nonpurified), initial concentration of the dye, stirring speed, and contact times, were studied. The solid and liquid phases after the tests were characterized by chemical-physical techniques such as thermogravimetric analysis (TG, DTA), UV spectrophotometry, BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), and TOC (total organic carbon) analysis. The data obtained showed a high adsorbing capacity of carbon nanotubes in the removal of the Reactive Black-5 dye from aqueous systems. Furthermore, the efficiency of the adsorption process was observed to be influenced by the stirring speed of the samples and the contact time, while purified and nonpurified nanotubes provided substantially the same results.

Treatment of water contaminated with reactive black-5 dye by carbon nanotubes

Pierantonio De Luca
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Abstract: Most of the dyes used today by the textile industry are of synthetic origin. These substances, many of which are highly toxic, are in many cases not adequately filtered during the processing stages, ending up in groundwater and water courses. The aim of this work was to optimize the adsorption process of carbon nanotubes to remove an azo-dye, called Reactive Black-5, from aqueous systems. Particular systems containing carbon nanotubes and dye solutions were analyzed. Furthermore, the reversibility of the process and the presence of possible degradation phenomena by the dye molecules were investigated. For this purpose, the influence of different parameters on the adsorption process, such as the nature of the carbon nanotubes (purified and nonpurified), initial concentration of the dye, stirring speed, and contact times, were studied. The solid and liquid phases after the tests were characterized by chemical-physical techniques such as thermogravimetric analysis (TG, DTA), UV spectrophotometry, BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), and TOC (total organic carbon) analysis. The data obtained showed a high adsorbing capacity of carbon nanotubes in the removal of the Reactive Black-5 dye from aqueous systems. Furthermore, the efficiency of the adsorption process was observed to be influenced by the stirring speed of the samples and the contact time, while purified and nonpurified nanotubes provided substantially the same results.
adsorption; carbon nanotubes; dye; reactive black-5
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/310887
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact