Turbulence, intermittency, and self-organized structures in space plasmas can be investigated by using a multifractal formalism mostly based on the canonical structure function analysis with fixed constraints about stationarity, linearity, and scales. Here, the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) method is firstly used to investigate timescale fluctuations of the solar wind magnetic field components; then, by exploiting the local properties of fluctuations, the structure function analysis is used to gain insights into the scaling properties of both inertial and kinetic/dissipative ranges. Results show that while the inertial range dynamics can be described in a multifractal framework, characterizing an unstable fixed point of the system, the kinetic/dissipative range dynamics is well described by using a monofractal approach, because it is a stable fixed point of the system, unless it has a higher degree of complexity and chaos.

Multifractal and chaotic properties of solar wind at MHD and kinetic domains: an empirical mode decomposition approach

Vincenzo Carbone
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Turbulence, intermittency, and self-organized structures in space plasmas can be investigated by using a multifractal formalism mostly based on the canonical structure function analysis with fixed constraints about stationarity, linearity, and scales. Here, the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) method is firstly used to investigate timescale fluctuations of the solar wind magnetic field components; then, by exploiting the local properties of fluctuations, the structure function analysis is used to gain insights into the scaling properties of both inertial and kinetic/dissipative ranges. Results show that while the inertial range dynamics can be described in a multifractal framework, characterizing an unstable fixed point of the system, the kinetic/dissipative range dynamics is well described by using a monofractal approach, because it is a stable fixed point of the system, unless it has a higher degree of complexity and chaos.
2019
solar wind; scaling properties; fractals; chaos
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/311998
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 38
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact