Although the interplanetary magnetic-field variability has been extensively investigated in situ using data from several space missions, newly launched missions providing high-resolution measures and approaching the Sun offer the possibility to study the multiscale variability in the innermost solar system. Here, using Parker Solar Probe measurements, we investigate the scaling properties of solar wind magnetic-field fluctuations at different heliocentric distances. The results show a clear transition at distances close to say 0.4 au. Closer to the Sun fluctuations show a f −3/2 frequency power spectra and regular scaling properties, while for distances larger than 0.4 au fluctuations show a Kolmogorov spectrum f −5/3 and are characterized by anomalous scalings. The observed statistical properties of turbulence suggest that the solar wind magnetic fluctuations, in the late stage far from the Sun, show a multifractal behavior typical of turbulence and described by intermittency, while in the early stage, when leaving the solar corona, a breakdown of these properties is observed, thus showing a statistical monofractal global self-similarity. Physically, the breakdown observed close to the Sun should be due either to a turbulence with regular statistics or to the presence of intense stochastic fluctuations able to cancel out the correlations necessary for the presence of anomalous scaling.
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|Titolo:||On the Scaling Properties of Magnetic-field Fluctuations through the Inner Heliosphere|
CONSOLINI, GIUSEPPE [Membro del Collaboration Group]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|